Yucca

Yucca

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Agavaceae
Origin United States, Mexico, Antilles
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow
The size Yucca elephantipes has a trunk up to 1.5 m in height and the socket itself does not exceed 25 cm in diameter. Yucca aloifolia has a height of 60 cm to 3 m.
Growth rate Slow enough, 15-30 cm per year. After trimming, the trunk of Yucca elephantipes does not grow, only the rosette grows
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer it is best 64,4 – 73,4 ° F. In winter it prefers a temperature of + 44,6 – 53,6 ° F.
Humidity Yucca easily tolerates the dry conditions in apartments. In summer, a weekly spray is sufficient to remove dust from the leaves. In winter, if the plant is kept in the warmth, the frequency of spraying is better to increase.
Lighting Plants prefer bright scattered light and some direct sunlight, but yucca can adapt and withstand the conditions of shading
The soil For a mixture of own preparation, take:   1 part of leaf land, 1 part humus earth, 1 turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part coarse-grained sand, or simply   1 part leaf earth, turf land 1, 3 parts of sand. Drainage is required.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in summer should dry up to a depth of 5-6 cm. In the summer, water the plant approximately every 5-7 days, in winter every 10-12 days. However, the soil should not completely dry out either.
Fertilizer During growth in the summer, once every 2 weeks, feed with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Easily rooted young root offspring, separated from the mother plant. It can multiply by dividing the stem, which is sawn into lengths of at least 10 cm. The lower part of each segment is treated with rootstock and rooted in a mixture of peat and sand, covered with polyethylene at a temperature of 80,6 ° F. The film is removed after about 3 weeks. Sometimes a whole trunk is placed horizontally on the surface of wet sand. At a temperature of 68 ° F and moderate watering, young shoots with roots are soon formed from the trunk, after which the trunk is cut into separate parts and shoots are separated. It is possible to reproduce by lateral processes, which are also rooted in a mixture of peat and sand, covered with polyethylene at a temperature of 75,2 ° F. Also propagate apical cuttings, which are dried and planted in sand or peat (temperature not less than 68 ° F).
Bloom Vertical spicate inflorescences with cream-white bells. Blossom only in the greenhouse.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted once a year, after 3-4 years the plant will only need to change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care Strongly stretched plant is most expediently cut, this stimulates the appearance of new sultans of leaves and shoots below the cut from the sleeping buds. In summer the plant can be brought to the balcony or in the garden. It is advisable to regularly wipe the leaves.
Difficulties Yucca is rarely affected by pests. Occasionally scabs settle on it, sometimes the plant is infected by the botrytis mushrooms. The tips and edges of the leaves wither with very low humidity and insufficient watering. On the leaves appear brown spots also with insufficient watering. The leaves become soft, darken and curl at too low a temperature. On leaves, light spots appear from excess light. If only the lower leaves turn yellow and fall, then this is a natural process that occurs as the plant grows up. Sometimes the intense yellowing of the lower leaves indicates a lack of light. With excess moisture, the stem can be rotated from below.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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