Tamarindus

Tamarindus

Life form Tree
Family Fabaceae
Origin Tropics of Africa, Sudan
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size In nature tamarind reaches 25 m in height, in the room its size reaches 1 m and more.
Growth rate Tamarind grows slowly enough.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: up to 73,4-77, in winter not below + 50 ° F. Tamarind should be protected from drafts.
Humidity At least 60%, the plant should be sprayed in the morning and in the evening and increase the humidity by all known   ways. At the same time, the plant can also adapt to the conditions of relative air dryness.
Lighting A brightly lit place on the south or west window. When there is a lack of lighting, shoots stretch.
The soil Ready-made general-purpose soil (pH 5.5-6.5), suitable rich loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sand. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of greenhouse land, 1 part of peat, 1 part of rotten manure, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Intense, every 3 days. The soil should dry slightly between waterings, but never dry completely.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once every two to three weeks, liquid fertilizer. Preferably the use of organic fertilizing.
Reproduction Seeds in the spring. The seeds are large enough, they need to be rubbed a little with sandpaper for scarification. Then the seeds can be placed in a damp paper towel or dropped into a mixture of peat and perlite, lightly pressing the seed. Seeds are sprinkled with sand in a layer of 6 mm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, placed in a warm place in the conditions of non-directional light. In general, the seeds germinate quite easily for several weeks, but the substrate should be regularly moistened. In 7-10 days after the emergence of shoots, too thick crops are thinned out. When they have pinnate leaves, they will need to be placed in small pots and also covered with film for the first time. The plant also multiplies by air layers and stem cuttings in spring at a temperature of + 82,4-89,6 ° F.
Bloom Blooms in December-January. Bristly inflorescences of yellow or pink with pink stamens. In the room, almost no blooms. From the fruits of tamarind, drinks and seasonings are prepared.
Transfer Transplanted young plants as they grow. Older plants are transplanted less often.
Features of care Tamarind requires regular pruning in the spring and can be grown as a bonsai.
Difficulties It is most often affected by a scab, a mealybug, a spider mite. In the case of waterlogging in the cold, plants can rot. The leaves turn yellow, and the leaves fall off with insufficient watering or in too dry air. Tamarind slow growth and lack of flowering may be associated with a lack of nutrients, light, or cold.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Not toxic if not ingested


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