Sarracenia

Sarracenia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Sarraceniaceae
Origin North America (from Virginia and Florida to Louisiana
Ease of cultivation A plant that is difficult to grow
The size From 10 cm to 1 m in height.
Growth rate Not very high, but the young plant becomes an adult for 1 growing season
Lifespan The house is two to five years old with the right content.
Temperature The most comfortable is the usual room temperature, preferably not below + 55,4 ° F, the minimum that the plant can withstand in winter is +41 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 50%. However, it is better not to spray the sarracenia to avoid the appearance of stains on the leaves. It is better to put a pot of plant in a tray with wet claydite.
Lighting A bright light, it is necessary not less than 4 hours per day of direct light. Sarracenia stands the bright sun even in the heat.
The soil Very light, poor acid soil is needed. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 3 parts of peat or sphagnum, 2 parts of sand and 1 part of perlite. However, the conventional sand can contain various mineral elements, so it is best to use a crystal. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In summer, watering, putting the pot into a permanent (preferably rain or distilled water) approximately every 3 days, from October to April every 5 days, the substrate should be slightly moist, the water should not stagnate around the roots. Do not use tap water. Water should not contain any minerals.
Fertilizer The plant does not fertilize, sarrachenia grows in soil that is poor in mineral elements.
Reproduction For reproduction, it is necessary to soak the seeds in a bowl of water for 24 hours. Then the water from the bowl should be drained, and the seeds sown in a substrate of sand and sphagnum, watered with distilled water. In each pot with a substrate, one seed is sown, covered with polyethylene. Next, we place the pots for a month in the refrigerator, 2-3 times a week, it is necessary to check the moisture of the substrate and water it with distilled water as it dries. Next, take out the pots from the refrigerator and place under the lamps (at a height of about 17 cm), without removing the polyethylene. Sprout sarracheny long enough – about a month, all this time the substrate is periodically moistened with distilled water temperature + 71,6-82,4 ° F. After the appearance of sprouts, polyethylene can be removed. The duration of lighting should be about 16 hours a day. The first time the sprouts grow slowly. About a year later the plants are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7.5 cm.Most often propagate in the spring by dividing the bush.
Bloom Yellow, red, brown flowers up to 10 cm in diameter on the peduncle up to 70 cm tall, blooms in summer, the flowers last long enough.
Transfer Transplanted every 2 years in the spring. The pot should be deep enough. the plant has a deep root system.
Features of care The plant is insectivorous. The leaves of the sarracenia are the jugs, closed on top by a lid from the curled top of the leaf and filled with liquid. The insect falls into the jug and is digested there. Periodically, it can be sarrachenia, but it is not necessary to feed live insects, the size of which does not exceed the size of the jug. A large insect can remain undigested and begin to rot. Sarracenia becomes beautiful as it grows, with age. Therefore, the plant should not be divided too often. Leaves from the base of the plant must be removed as they die.In winter the plant passes into a period of relative dormancy, some leaves begin to die, they must be removed in a timely manner.
Difficulties Perhaps the appearance of aphids, thrips and mealybug, sometimes on underground tubers. In winter, infection with botrytis is possible. The plant can rot when kept cold and over-watered.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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