Polyscias

Polyscias

Life form Herbaceous
Family Araliaceae
Origin New Caledonia, Madagascar
Ease of cultivation Not very easy to grow. If all the necessary conditions are not observed, it is possible to drop leaves.
The size Up to 1.5-2 m in height.
Growth rate Quite fast, up to 30-50 cm per season.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature All the year round the temperature is about 68-71,6 ° F, in winter it is not lower than 64,4 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 50%, otherwise the plants discard leaves. In the summer it is better to spray at least 1 time per day with soft, settled water, put the plant in a tray with a moist gravel of at least 5 cm thickness. In winter, keep away from radiators.
Lighting The light should be brightly scattered and it is better to place it at the east window, but it can adapt to light shade. The variegated forms require a brighter light
The soil For a mixture of own preparation one should take: 1 part of clay-turf ground, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite, peat, humus, leaf land. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist, but stagnant water is unacceptable. In summer, water abundantly, at least once a week. Winter watering limit, at this time the soil should slightly dry out between waterings.
Fertilizer During the growing season, every 1-2 times a month, liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction It is possible to spread in the beginning of spring or summer apical cuttings length of 15 cm, root in moist sand and peat, preliminarily cutting off the lower leaves, treated with coal and corn root. Cover the container with glass or polyethylene at a temperature of 77 -78,8 ° F. Rooted not too well. It is possible to propagate parts of the rhizome of an old plant about 2.5-3 cm in length. They should be inserted into a container with wet sand vertically, so that the top is at the level of the soil surface. These cuttings should not be covered with glass or polyethylene. Can be propagated by the separation of young plants and air layers.Reproduction by seeds should be carried out at a temperature of 66,2-77 ° F. Seeds are planted in a mini-greenhouse (a container with a soil mixture, covered with glass or film), spreading over the surface of the substrate and only slightly topping the soil. Place the container in a dark place. When seedlings grow up, put the container in the conditions of scattered light, the glass is removed. As the growth grows seedlings for individual pots.
Bloom Blooms in small white flowers, collected in umbrellas. However, in indoor conditions, flowering does not occur.
Transfer 1 time 2-3 years in the spring, when the roots appear from the drainage hole. Adult plants are transplanted even less often, increasing the diameter of the pot 1,5 times during transplantation.
Features of care With the help of trimming, it is possible to form a stamped plant 30-40 cm high. Pot with the plant can not be rearranged – the polisias can discard the leaves. The plant can be cut in the spring or pinch to form a bushy shape. In summer it is preferable to keep the plant on the balcony or in the garden. The plant is suitable for bonsai.
Difficulties The leaves of the plant may fall off for different reasons. This is, first of all, dry air, then – wrong watering (either too intense or insufficient), the third reason – a draft. A plant can discard the leaves from a change in growth conditions or, if simply rearrange the plant. Sometimes a slight drop of leaves is a normal phenomenon that occurs with the age of the plant. Light spots on the leaves appear as a result of exposure to excess light. The plant grows slowly with a lack of nutrition. It is affected by a spider mite, thrips and scutellum.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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