Plumeria

Plumeria

Life form Tree, Shrub
Family Apocynaceae
Origin Central and South America
Ease of cultivation Average
The size A very tall plant. Plumeria can reach in the room of 2 m and above, if it is not pruned.
Growth rate Fast, up to 25-30 cm and more per year, if not cut.
Lifespan A perennial
Temperature In the summer: 75,2-84,2 ° F, at a higher temperature, good ventilation is required, in winter not below + 60,8-64,4 ° F. The plant is thermophilic.
Humidity Requires a humidity of at least 60%, it is necessary to regularly spray with soft, dewatered water, avoiding falling on the flowers. It is also desirable to put the plumery in a pallet with wet claydite or moss, so that the bottom does not touch the water.
Lighting Bright light, can grow on the southern window with shading at noon hours, the east and west windows also fit, but if there is insufficient illumination, the plumeria does not bloom. In a day you need at least 6 hours of direct sun.Especially important is lighting in autumn and winter.
The soil For plumeria suitable fertile well drained soil. The composition of the soil mixture, the first option: 2 parts of leaf land, 1 part of sod land, 1 part of peat land, 1/2 part of coarse sand or perlite. Second Embodiment: 2 parts of humus, 1 part peat earth, 1 part humus earth, 1 part of coarse sand. Always use a pot with an opening and drainage.
Watering Abundant in summer, but the upper layer of the soil should dry a little between waterings. In autumn and winter, after the leaves have fallen, the intensity of irrigation is reduced, the soil is kept in a semi-dry state, but it is not allowed to dry completely. Water should never be retained in a pot. It is impossible to allow abundant watering in cold and cloudy weather.
Fertilizer With the beginning of growth in spring, a complex fertilizer is introduced, then from May to September they are fed twice a week with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants enriched with microelements. You can use foliar top dressing, especially for plants that stand in the open air and those plants that are watered a lot Part of the nutrients are washed out through the drainage hole. For sheet dressings, a fertilizer is diluted twice and every 7-10 days the plant is sprayed on a cool evening time on both sides of the leaf. In autumn and winter, the plumery is not fed.
Reproduction Upper cuttings in autumn or winter. You can use cuttings obtained by cutting, and the cut must be made oblique. Cuttings are stored for a month. Their cut before rooting is dipped in water, treated with corn root powder and fungicide. Root in perlite or a mixture of perlite with soil. For the stability of the cuttings, it is possible to fill the bottom layer of soil, then a layer of perlite, place the cuttings so that the cut is completely in the perlite, then top the soil again. Place the cutting in the light at a temperature of 75,2-82,4 ° F. In autumn and winter the cuttings are brightened. Watered infrequently, rooting lasts 2-3 months. The appearance of new leaves is a sign of rooting. If the stalk was with flower buds, the plumeria can blossom in the first year. Otherwise it will blossom next year.You can multiply plumery seeds, which are sown in 6-cm pots. After the emergence of shoots, transplant pots in 8-9 cm. Plumeria grown from seeds blooms for 2-3 years and may not repeat the varietal characteristics of the mother plant.
Bloom Plumeria blooms almost all year round, but mainly in summer: from July to October. Flowers can be pink, red, yellow-white, with a very pleasant smell.Especially fragrant flowers in the morning.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted annually, adults – every 2-3 years in spring, in March the pot must be voluminous and deep enough, since The root system of the plumery is very powerful. The larger the pot, the higher the plant. To avoid strong growth, it is possible to cut off root systems with a transplantation of 5-7 cm. In adult plants, it is possible to replace the top layer of soil. Young plants grow more often as they grow, as soon as the roots appear from the drainage hole.
Features of care In winter, the plant has a rest period from 3 weeks to 1.5 months, the lower part of the foliage falls off at the same time. Then new leaves or flowers begin to appear.In the spring, in order to avoid burns, the plumery should be gradually accustomed to the bright sun. In summer, the plant is better placed in the garden or on the balcony in a place protected from rain and wind. The plant loves airing.It is necessary to form the crown of the plant: constant pruning of elongated shoots in the spring after the end of the rest period, t. Flowering is usually observed only on the branches of the current year. It is necessary to trim too long, weak and deformed branches, as well as the blackened ends of the shoots.
Difficulties It affects very often – a scab, as well as a mealybug and fungal infections. Buds do not open from a strong cold. The plant does not bloom, and the buds formed in the summer and fall are not revealed, usually due to lack of light. The plumeria is stretched, the shoots are thinning also due to lack of lighting.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Toxic, you should be careful with the juice of the plant, it should not get on the skin. Otherwise, it should be washed off immediately.


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