Phyllitis

Phyllitis

Life form Fern
Family Aspleniaceae
Origin The Mediterranean
Ease of cultivation Easy with little difficulty
The size From 30 to 60 cm in width and height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan From 3 to 10 years
Temperature In the summer: 69,8 ° F with low humidity, in winter 53,6-57,2 ° F.
Humidity High. In winter, spray 2 times a day with soft water. It is better to keep a pot in a pallet with wet claydite.
Lighting Shadow or penumbra. Ideally a window facing north or east. If the window faces south, phyllitis should not be closer than 3 m from it. Can be grown under artificial lighting.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, should be loose and air-permeable (pH 4.5-7.5). For a mixture of own preparation, take equal parts of peat, turf, leaf land and sand. It is better to add sphagnum and charcoal. Good drainage is required.
Watering The soil in the pot must be moist all the time, but the overflow is not permissible (watering about 2-3 times a week in the summer). In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 8 days at a temperature of 60,8-64,4 ° F.
Fertilizer During growth, every 2 weeks, feed twice diluted with fertilizer.
Reproduction In June, the division of a bush or rhizomes. It is quite difficult, but it is possible to reproduce by spores located on the underside of the leaf, it is necessary to use a double-glaze with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Pour distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Sprinkle spores on the peat surface and cover the container with glass or a plastic lid. Constantly maintain the desired level of water. Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer Young each year, old – as the volume of the pot is filled in the spring. Close pots are preferred. Sometimes the roots stick to the walls of the pot, which has to be broken.
Features of care Avoid drafts and stagnation of moisture, especially in the center of a phillitis nest outlet. Regularly cut the brown tips of the leaves. The dark strips on the underside of the leaves are maturing spores.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, mealybugs, shield, thrips, aphids, and whiteflies. With a lack of moisture, the leaves turn brown. In dry air, the tips of the leaves dry. The conditions of dry air may be generated deformed leaves. The leaves descend, but do not dry at a lower temperature. The leaves pale and lose their luster in the bright sun. Brown spots on the leaves indicate drafts or too low a temperature.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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