Phoenix

Phoenix

Life form Tree
Family Aracaceae
Origin Canary Islands, Crete, North Africa, Iraq, Iran, Arabian Peninsula
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow
The size Up to 6 m in height in a pot, up to 1.5 m wide
Growth rate Very low – 15-20 cm per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: the upper limit is 75,2 ° F. The optimum temperature is 64,4-69,8 ° F. In winter, preferably 53,6-60,8 ° F.
Humidity At least 40%, in summer it is required to spray twice a week with soft, settled water, and spray less frequently in winter.
Lighting Bright scattered light, it is best to place the plant in a tub near the south, south-west or south-east window. For the uniform development of the crown, it is desirable to periodically turn the plant.
The soil Ready ground is suitable   “Palm”. For a soil of own preparation to take:   2 parts of a sod land, 2 parts wet peat and humus (leaf earth), 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Requires a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant in summer, 2-3 times a week. In the autumn and in the spring – once a week. In winter, less often – every 14 days, the soil in winter should be hardly wet, it should dry up to a depth of 5-6 cm.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, regularly fed once every 2 weeks with a soluble fertilizer for palms.
Reproduction It is possible to reproduce with fresh seeds, which are soaked overnight in water (its temperature is 86-95 ° F), sown in a mixture of peat and perlite, lightly sprinkled with earth and germinated under the film at a temperature of 80,6 ° F. Each day, the greenhouse should be ventilated, taking off the film for 5 minutes. After germination (which can last up to two months), remove the film. Seedlings grow very slowly. Phoenix dactylifera can be grown from the bones of edible dates. Phoenix roebelinii can reproduce by lateral offspring.
Bloom In the home culture does not bloom.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every spring. Like all palms, it does not respond well to transplantation. In large specimens, it is sufficient to change the topsoil. The plant needs a deep pot (not less than 30 cm deep), a pot tapering downwards. root system is very powerful.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street. It is required to regularly remove the dried leaves in the base of the plant. It is necessary to ventilate the room more often, but do not keep the plant in a draft. Leaves should be wiped periodically with a damp cloth. The spiny tips of the leaves are dangerous for children.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mites, chervets, shields, thrips. Also, rotting of the apical kidney, disease of phytophthora and fusariosis is possible. The leaves of the plant fall down, they can wrinkle and become brown with insufficient watering. The tips of the leaves become dry in the dry air. Lower leaves become brown and dry too dry and hot atmosphere. Young leaves can become brown as a result of sunburn. Young leaves can be opened ahead of time as a result of root damage or in excess of moisture in the soil.The leaves darken and fade in conditions of too low a temperature. Growth slows down with a lack of nutrients.
Air cleaning The date palm cleans the air of formaldehyde and xylene (a substance that separates plastic and solvents).
Toxicity


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