Pachira

Pachira

Life form Succulent tree
Family Bombacaceae
Origin South America, Mexico
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size From 60 cm to 1.5 m.
Growth rate The crown of the pahira grows very quickly. It should be formed with the help of trimming, and the trunk increases in size slowly.
Lifespan Quite hardy, many years grow
Temperature The plant is quite thermophilic. In summer it is best to 71,6-77 ° F. In winter, not lower than 64,4 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 60%, the plant should be regularly sprayed. It is better not to place it next to the heating devices in winter.
Lighting Bright sun, some amount of direct rays is required, the pahir may be contained in the penumbra, however it grows very badly. It can be placed near the south, south-west window, but it should be shaded from the midday rays.
The soil Suitable lightly weakly acidic soil. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   turf, leaf soil, coarse sand   . You can add charcoal, brick crumb, rubble. Very good drainage is required.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should not dry up. To water abundantly with warm water. However, you must not allow moisture to stagnate. In winter, the plant is watered much less often, especially at temperatures below 64,4 ° F.
Fertilizer During growth, once every 3-4 weeks, feed on liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Seeds in April at a temperature of 78,8 ° F (planted in sand or peat). Seeds are sown on the surface of the substrate, almost not sprinkled with earth. Cover the container with glass or polyethylene (periodically ventilated). It sprouts in about 2-3 weeks.Easily multiplies by cuttings, which have a leaf and a kidney. Cuttings are usually in the end of summer, the cuts are processed with corn root, germinated at elevated temperature and humidity in a container under polyethylene (air every day for several minutes). It germinates in about 1.5 months.
Bloom At home, it does not bloom. Effective flowers with polichilennymi stamens reach 10-12 cm in length, and fruits – edible, round greenish berries.
Transfer Young plants to transplant growth every year in March-April in a pot 4-5 cm more than the previous one. Adults are rarely transplanted, every few years as necessary, it is better not to disturb old specimens. The pot should be shallow, but wide. since the root system of the pahira is superficial.
Features of care In summer, the plant is well tolerated in the garden or on the balcony. The plant needs good ventilation, but the plant does not like drafts. In spring the plant needs pruning, the more intensive the crop is cut off, the faster and lush it grows. Sometimes a plant, formed by several woven trunks, develops only one of the trunks, others become smaller or die.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, thrips, scutellum, aphids. The leaves turn yellow and fall off from excessive dryness of the air. The leaves descend and wither, they can later turn yellow due to lack of moisture. The leaves become faded and small from lack of light. With an excess of light, bright spots appear on the leaves. The leaves become soft and curl at too low a temperature. With an excess of moisture, the trunk can decay, the leaves turn black and fall. The plant is stretched when there is not enough light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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