|Life form||Tree, Shrub|
|Origin||Tropical Asia, India, Burma, Malaysia|
|Ease of cultivation||Easy with small difficulties|
|The size||25-30 m in height in nature, up to 3.5 m in height in doors.|
|Growth rate||High, the leaves appear bundles several times a year. After the development of one bundle of leaves, the growth slows for a while (until a new one appears).|
|Lifespan||In room conditions 2-3 years, tk. it is difficult to ensure an adequate level of humidity.|
|Temperature||All the year round the optimal temperature is 68-75,2 ° F. The plant is thermophilic, in winter the minimum temperature is + 64,4 ° F.|
|Humidity||Regular spraying is required, especially in winter.|
|Lighting||Mango prefers bright light. With a lack of light, the plant is more often sick. Only young plants can develop in the penumbra.|
|The soil||For young plants, light soil is used (pH 5.5-7.5). At the age of 5, they are transplanted into a mixture of 2 parts sod and 1 part humus with the addition of sand. Prefers well drained soils. Always use a pot with a hole.|
|Watering||Requires abundant watering with warm water, at least 1-3 times a week. The soil between watering should be slightly dry. In winter, watering a little cut.|
|Fertilizer||Once in 2-3 weeks in spring and summer, feed liquid fertilizer. It is useful to use organic top dressing.|
|Reproduction||In spring, half-grassy, ripened cuttings, put them in moist sand under a polyethylene film. At a temperature of 82,4-89,6 ° F, roots will soon appear. Sometimes using inoculated cuttings of fruit tree for 1.5-2-year seedlings. In this case, the mango will bloom for the second year of life. The prick is sharpened V-shaped at the end. On the cut of the rootstock, a longitudinal incision is made into the depth of the shoot a few cm, into which a graft is inserted. The most important thing is to achieve that the layers of the cambium of the scion and the rootstock coincide. Gently wrap the place of grafting from above with polyethylene and twist the wire.
Propagated by seeds, which quickly lose their germination. The fruit must be ripe and undamaged (these can only be purchased in southern countries). Before sowing, carefully clean the seed from the pulp and scrape the thick nap on the shell with a knife. Particularly intensively, the edges of the seed should be treated, especially on the thin side, but the flaps should not open. Sprouted in individual pots with a diameter of 9 cm, it is best to germinate in expanded clay, which is pre-washed and doused with boiling water. The seed is laid flat on a layer of expanded clay 5-6 cm, sprinkled with another 3 cm layer and covered with glass. It is possible to take a mixture of turf and humus for germination. A pot with a seed is placed in a tray with boiled water (its level is about 1 cm). Germination at a temperature of 71,6-78,8 ° F lasts approximately 3-4 weeks. There is evidence that the mango seed can germinate with a completely removed shell. In this case, it is wrapped in wet gauze or placed in sphagnum moss and placed in a plastic bag. After rooting, when the seedling reaches 10-15 cm in height, the seedling is dived into a light mixture (equal parts of peat, compost and sand). When transplanting, you can not separate the remaining seed.
|Bloom||Blooms from December to April.
Flowers are red and yellow-green in racemose inflorescences. Pollinating is required to develop fruits. The fetus develops 3-6 months.
|Transfer||Transplant young plants every year in the spring.|
|Features of care||In spring, the plant can be cut to a third, and the tops pinch for better bushiness. However, pruning offsets flowering. Without the inoculation get a flowering and fruit-bearing plant in an apartment is almost impossible.|
|Difficulties||Perhaps the appearance of mites, scutes, mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies. Perhaps the defeat of fungal and bacterial infections (suffering from powdery mildew, atranoza, there may be bacterial stains on the leaves). In dry air, the tips of the leaves turn brown. Flowers fall off from cold content.|
|Toxicity||It is undesirable for mango leaves to be eaten by animals. They contain special essential oils, which have an irritating effect.|