Laurus

Laurus

Life form Tree
Family Laurel – Lauraceae
Origin The Mediterranean
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow
The size It can reach a size of up to 10 m in nature, but in room conditions it usually has a height of 1 m.
Growth rate Fast, up to 20-30 cm per year, subsequently the plant is regularly cut, ensuring its growth in breadth.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer it is optimal: 68 ° F in the daytime and 50 ° F at night, in winter it is desirable to have a cool content at a temperature of no higher than 39,2-53,6 ° F.
Humidity Sprinkle with soft water at least 1-2 times a day, especially often if the temperature is above 64,4 ° F. In the overgrown plants, branches should be moved apart and the leaves sprayed inside.
Lighting Bright light, can grow on the southern window with shading at noon hours, with insufficient illumination, dark green leaves form, but growth slows down considerably.
The soil Fertile well drained and not very heavy soil is suitable.   1 part of leaf land, 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. It requires good drainage.Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant daily watering in the summer with warm soft water, the soil should be moist all the time. In autumn, water once a 10 days, between watering the soil should be slightly dry.
Fertilizer From May to September, fed once every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer, organic feeding is useful.
Reproduction The apical semicolored cuttings in spring or in July-August. Cuttings are easily rooted in a mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 68 ° F and frequent spraying (it is better to cover the container with polyethylene). The tip of young shoots should be plucked several times. Can be propagated by layers.
Bloom Blooms rarely, flowers are plain, greenish-white.
Transfer Every 2-3 years in spring, in March the pot must be voluminous and deep enough. In adult plants, the topsoil can be replaced. Young plants grow as often as they grow, as soon as the roots appear from the drainage hole.
Features of care In summer, the plant is best placed in the garden or on the balcony. The plant loves airing. It is necessary to form a plant: a constant pruning of stretched shoots. It is possible to form a laurel in the form of a stump tree. In winter it is desirable to provide the laurel with a rest period and keep the plant in a bright cool room. The leaves of the plant can be used as a seasoning in the event that during its cultivation no chemicals were used. The most fragrant leaves are two years old. Laurel is a dioecious plant. To get the seeds, follow the brush to transfer the pollen from the male to the female plants.
Difficulties It is affected very often – scabbard, as well as a mealybugs. Sometimes there is a fungal disease – a black leg. The lower leaves turn yellow and fall off when the soil is wet due to excess watering in the absence of drainage. Young leaves are formed small, thin and pale with insufficient nutrition. The shoots are stretched, and the leaves are small due to lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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