Fortunella

Fortunella

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Rutaceae
Origin Southeast China, Japan
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size Can reach a height of 3 m in nature, at home usually form more compact forms of plants, often grown on rootstocks.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial plant, up to 10 years and more in a pot
Temperature In summer: warm, in winter 46,4-50 ° F.
Humidity Increased, in summer it is required to spray with soft boiled water. In winter it is sprayed at high temperatures.
Lighting It is desirable to have a bright sun, possibly a southern, south-western and western window. It should be put in the shadow during the hottest days.
The soil Suitable ground for lemons. For soil preparation: 1 part of the sod land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (sheet form), you can add bits of coal.Good drainage is required, for example, the bottom layer is made of bricks, the top layer is made of sand.
Watering Moderate, in summer, not more often than 1 time per week, in winter – every 2 weeks, the soil should dry a little between waterings. Water with soft water, avoiding stagnation of moisture (possibly decaying the root system).
Fertilizer During growth, fertilizer with increased potassium content every month. In the spring, an organic fertilizer is desirable.
Reproduction Upper cuttings at a soil temperature of 77 ° F (quite difficult). Root half-aged cuttings of a mixture of peat and sand, treating the cut with a hormone, cutting off half the leaves and covering the pot with polyethylene.You can propagate by seeds obtained from fruits. They are cleaned from the pulp and allow to dry for 2-3 days. Further, the seeds are planted in a substrate of peat and sand, slightly sprinkled with soil from above. Pour from below, putting the pot in a tray of water, letting the water drain. Place the pot in a plastic bag and germinate at a temperature of + 69,8 ° F and above. Every 7-10 days check the need to pour the substrate. As soon as the shoots appeared (in 1-2 months), the package is removed. When the seedlings reach a height of 5 cm, they are planted separately. Young plants regularly pinch. Such plants blossom in 10-12 years. The process can be accelerated by grafting from a previously flowering plant.
Bloom Small (up to 3 cm) white fragrant flowers. Flowering begins in spring, under favorable conditions it can be repeated 2-3 times a year. Flowers self-pollinating, ripening of fruits lasts from six months to a year.
Transfer Until the age of three they are transplanted annually in February-March, 4-7-year-old plants are transplanted after a year, and large specimens every 3-5 years. Young plants can not be transplanted into too large a pot. The size of the new pot should be 5-6 cm more than the previous one, you can not bury the root neck.
Features of care Requires a pronounced rest period. Flowering is provided by cool wintering. The plant can be rotated no more than 50 ° F. Does not like the change of location. Regular pruning is required. In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street.
Difficulties It can be struck by scabbards, red spider mites, aphids, scorpions and whiteflies. With a lack of magnesium and iron, yellowing of the leaves is possible. Leaves are light green with a lack of light or nutrients. Leaves and buds fall off with a lack or excess of moisture. New shoots thin with a lack of light or nutrients. The tips of the leaves are brown with insufficient moisture or weak watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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