Ficus religiosa

Ficus religiosa

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Moraceae
Origin India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, the islands of the Malay Archipelago
Ease of cultivation Easy enough for growing a plant with small complexities.
The size In the room, most often up to 1 m. In nature, up to 4 m high.
Growth rate Not very tall
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-73,4 ° F, in winter not below + 60,8 ° F.
Humidity High. Daily spraying of plants with water at room temperature is required, especially in winter. After spraying the plant, it should be shaded from the bright sun. When the heating is on, the plant should be placed away from the radiators (not less than 2 m).
Lighting Bright light, east or west window. The plant must be shaded from direct sunlight. However, with a lack of lighting, the sacred ficus quickly discards the leaves.
The soil Fertile, loose: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf land, 1/2 part of sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand (pH 6.0-6.5). Requires good drainage, the best option if a lower layer is composed of expanded clay, sand and the upper.
Watering In summer regular moderate watering with standing warm water (1-2 times a week), before the next watering the soil should dry well. It is always necessary to pour water out of the pan and prevent moisture stagnation. The plant tolerates a lack of moisture better than the excess. This stimulates the development of the root system and the formation of a powerful root when grown in bonsai culture. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 7-10 days. Avoid overmoistening, especially in winter.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral, rich in nitrogen and kaleiem.
Reproduction Ficus sacred reproduces with the help of apical cuttings. Cuttings length of 15-18 cm are used, at least with three pairs of healthy leaves (in order to cut the length of the cuttings in 2 times the length of the leaves), in spring in a greenhouse (or covered with polyethylene) in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. Cut the cuttings better to pre-treat with corn (or heteroauxin). Set for germination in diffuse light conditions. After 2 weeks, polyethylene can be removed. After rooting, put in a pot about 10 cm in diameter.This species of ficus is multiplied more easily by means of air layers and is easy enough with seeds.
Bloom Like all ficuses, it forms syconia – small globular brown inflorescence about 2 cm in size, reminiscent of a berry.
Transfer In February-March, once in 2 years. In adult plants, if the pot diameter exceeds 30 cm, you can replace the top 3 cm of soil. When growing bonsai, it is necessary to shorten the roots when transplanting.
Features of care This phenomenon is characterized by the phenomenon of guttia in conditions of high humidity: droplets of liquid appear at the tips of the leaves. The plant does not like drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Used in bonsai culture, although branching is not good enough. As well as ficus microcarp, forms a powerful trunk, turning into roots. In order to form the crown, the shoots must be shortened regularly. In the summer it is very useful to take out the holy ficus on the street.
Difficulties It is affected by mealybug, as well as aphids, scutes, thrips. The new shoots are thin, and the leaves are small, either as a result of a lack of light, or with a lack of nutrition.Leaves may fall due to excessive watering or from the cold (at temperatures below + 60,8 ° F).
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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