Ficus lyrata

Ficus lyrata

Life form Tree
Family Moraceae
Origin West and Central Africa
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Up to 2-3 m in height in room conditions
Growth rate High, up to 20-25 cm per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-82,4 ° F, in the winter not below 59 ° F.
Humidity High. Daily spraying of plants with water at room temperature is required, especially in winter after heating is turned on.
Lighting Bright light, however, the plant requires priteneyya at noon hours. It is good to place in 1 m from the southern window. In winter it is optimal to lighten the plant.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand. Good drainage is necessary, the best option is if its lower layer is claydite, and the upper one is sand.
Watering In summer, regular watering with soft warm water (3-4 times a week). In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once a month, soluble mineral fertilizers.
Reproduction Spring apical cuttings 15 cm long, with at least two pairs of healthy leaves (the lower pair should be removed), in spring in a greenhouse (or covered with polyethylene) in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. Leaves to reduce the evaporation surface should be cut by 2/3. Can be propagated by air layers.Below the leaf on the stem should be a shallow incision with a knife, where to insert a pebble and sprinkle with hormonal powder. Wrap the incision with wet moss and wind it around the rope. Top with polyethylene. When the moss roots appear, the shoot will need to be cut below the winding and plant the new plant in a separate pot. Cut on the bottom of the plant should be treated with petroleum jelly, it can also give lateral shoots.
Bloom The rooms do not bloom. In greenhouses, like all ficuses, forms syconia – small globular inflorescences, reminiscent of berries.
Transfer In February-March every 2 years. In very large specimens, it is possible to replace the upper 3 cm of soil.
Features of care In spring, large plants should be cut off shoots for the formation of the crown. In summer, the plant is preferable to keep on the balcony or in the garden. Care should be taken with young leaves, which are easily folded and traces are formed.
Difficulties It can be affected by a mealybug, as well as a scab, or a spider mite. Overflows appear on the leaves and appear as brown spots before they fall off.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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