Ficus cyathistipula

Ficus cyathistipula

Life form Bush
Family Moraceae
Origin Tropics of Africa: Tanzania, Zambia, Angola
Ease of cultivation Easy enough for growing a plant
The size Most often from 50 cm to 2 m
Growth rate High, up to 20-25 cm per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-73,4 ° F, in winter not below 60,8 ° F. In case of extreme heat, ventilation is necessary. This type of ficus is quite resistant to temperature fluctuations.
Humidity High. Daily spraying of plants with water at room temperature is required, especially in winter. A warm shower is useful for the plant. After spraying the plant, it should be shaded from the bright sun. When the heating is on, the plant should be placed away from the radiators (not less than 2 m), because dry air is the most frequent cause of dropping leaves.
Lighting Bright diffused light. The east and west window is suitable. Overall ficus cyathistipula shadow-sufficient. In case of excessive light, burns may appear on the leaves. However, when there is a lack of light, the leaves are formed small. To make the trunk of the ficus smooth, it must be rotated periodically with respect to light.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand. Good drainage is necessary, the best option is if its lower layer is claydite, and the upper one is sand. If you use a purchased substrate, it is desirable to add quartz sand and several pieces of charcoal for looseness.
Watering In summer regular abundant watering with standing warm water (2 times a week), before the next watering the soil should dry slightly. It is better to drain water from the pallet. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 7-10 days.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral.
Reproduction Upper cuttings 8-10 cm, at least, with two pairs of healthy leaves (the lower pair should be removed). Preliminarily cut off the cuttings from the cut of the milky juice under a stream of warm water. Then it is desirable to powder the cut with crushed charcoal and dry for an hour. Root in spring in a greenhouse (or covered with polyethylene) in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. It is easy to take root in water, it is better to cover the cutting with polyethylene. After rooting, put in a pot about 10 cm in diameter, the first few days also covered with polyethylene.It is also propagated by seeds in miniteplichke at a temperature of 77 ° F. When the first leaf appears, the seedlings are dived and transplanted into 7-cm pots.Ficus cyathistipula can be propagated by air layering.
Bloom The rooms do not bloom. In greenhouses, as well as all the rubber plants, forms Seacon – small spherical inflorescences of yellow color, resembling a berry.
Transfer In February-March, young plants annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. Do not take the pot “to grow.” If cyathistipula ficus grows too fast, it is better to spend the summer of his handling of several times. In adult plants, if the pot diameter exceeds 30 cm, you can replace the top 3 cm of soil. Transplant only if the pot is too small for the ficus.
Features of care The plant does not like drafts. This ficus practically does not require the formation of the crown, the branch should be cut only if it is necessary to obtain an interesting shape.
Difficulties It is affected by a mealybug, as well as a scab, a spider mite. The main problem is the sharp drop of leaves, the cause of which is most often the change in the place of the plant, it follows that the plant grows at least one month in the same place before rearranging it. In most cases, if the cause is eliminated, the leaves soon grow again. The tips of the leaves turn brown under dry air conditions due to insufficient moisture. The new shoots are thin, and the leaves are small, either as a result of a lack of light, or with a lack of nutrition.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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