Ficus carica

Ficus carica

Life form Tree
Family Moraceae
Origin Near East
Ease of cultivation Easy, suitable for beginners
The size Most often in room conditions from 60 cm to 1.2 m
Growth rate High, from several centimeters to several tens of centimeters
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-73,4 ° F, in winter it is better to keep in cool conditions (41-50 ° F).
Humidity Average. Spraying of plants is required once a week, especially at high temperatures in winter after heating is turned on.
Lighting Bright diffused light. In the shade, the plant develops poorly.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand. Good drainage is necessary, the best option is if its lower layer is claydite, and the upper one is sand.
Watering Summer regular watering soft warm water (2 times a week), the soil should dry out slightly before the next irrigation. In winter, after falling leaves, watering is significantly reduced.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral.
Reproduction The apical cuttings of 8 cm long with at least one leaf are rooted in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. Before planting, it is necessary to wash out the lactating milky juice, hold the stem for about 20 minutes. Next planted stalk is watered and sprinkled. Shade from the bright sun. Rooting occurs within 1-1,5 months. Aged plants with stretched shoots can be multiplied by layers. Below the leaf on the stem should be a shallow incision with a knife, where to insert a pebble and sprinkle with hormonal powder. Wrap the incision with wet moss and wind it around the rope. Top with polyethylene. When the moss roots appear, the shoot will need to be cut below the winding and plant the new plant in a separate pot. Cut on the bottom of the plant should be treated with petroleum jelly, it can also give lateral shoots.
Bloom The plant does not bloom in rooms. It can groom in greenhouses, like all ficuses, forms syconia – small globular inflorescences, which are reminiscent of berries. The fruits of the fig tree, all known figs, are edible.
Transfer In February-March, young plants are planted annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. In adult plants, it is possible to replace the upper 3 cm of soil.
Features of care In spring, large plants should be cut off shoots for the formation of the crown. The leaves of the plant fall in winter, as a result of which decorativity is lost. In summer it is better to keep on the balcony or in the garden.
Difficulties It is affected by a mealybug, as well as a scab, a spider mite. The leaves are pale, the plant grows poorly, new leaves are small by nedstatka nutrients. The plant is stretched, the leaves are small and yellow from lack of light. The tips of the leaves dry out in too dry air.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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