Ficus binnendijkii

Ficus binnendijkii

Life form Tree
Family Moraceae
Origin Indonesia
Ease of cultivation Easy, suitable for beginners.
The size Most often in room conditions from 60 cm to 1.2 m.
Growth rate High, from several centimeters to several dozens of centimeters.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-73,4 ° F. In the winter not below 59 ° F. At high temperatures, it is necessary to increase the humidity of the air. The plant does not like the cold. In winter, from the draft, leaves may fall.
Humidity Average. Spraying of plants is required once a week, especially at high temperatures in winter after heating is turned on. Leaves should be regularly wiped with a damp sponge.
Lighting Bright diffused light. It is good to place at a distance of 2-3 m from the window. When there is too bright light, you need to put it in shade. It can adapt to partial shade, but the growth will slow down. In the complete absence of light, leaves begin to fall, and the plant may die.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand. Requires good drainage, the best option if a lower layer is composed of expanded clay, sand and the upper.
Watering In summer, regular watering with soft warm water (2 times a week), before the next watering the soil should dry slightly. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. Plants are more likely to suffer from overflow than from lack of moisture. After watering, drain the water from the pan.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral.
Reproduction The apical cuttings of 8 cm long with at least one leaf are rooted in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. Before planting, it is necessary to wash off the lactating milky juice, hold the stem for about 20 minutes in water or remove the lacteal after hardening. Next planted stalk is watered and sprinkled. Shade from the bright sun. Rooting occurs within 1-1,5 months.Aged plants with stretched shoots can be multiplied by layers. Below the leaf on the stem should be a shallow incision with a knife, where to insert a pebble and sprinkle with hormonal powder. Wrap the incision with wet moss and wind it around the rope. Top with polyethylene. When the moss roots appear, the shoot will need to be cut below the winding and plant the new plant in a separate pot. Cut on the bottom of the plant should be treated with petroleum jelly, it can also give lateral shoots.
Bloom The plants do not bloom in rooms. They can bloom in greenhouses, like all ficuses, forms syconia – small globular inflorescences, similar to berries.
Transfer In February-March, young plants are planted annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. In adult plants, it is possible to replace the upper 3 cm of soil. The plant does not require too frequent transplantation, it grows better when the roots completely weave the soil. When transplanting try not to break off and not trim too overgrown roots, and place them into a new pot.
Features of care In spring, large plants should be cut off shoots for the formation of the crown. Young plants must be tied to the support. The plant does not like drafts and does not tolerate the permutation from place to place. Ficus should be periodically rotated relative to the light source.
Difficulties It is affected by a mealybug, as well as a scab, a spider mite. The leaves quickly fall off from drying out of the plant or from overcooling. The leaves are pale, the plant grows poorly, new leaves are small from the non-nutrient nutrients. The plant is stretched, the leaves are small and yellow from lack of light. The tips of the leaves dry out in too dry air. Falling and stitching of the lower leaves occurs most often because of overmoistening.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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