Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis

Life form Tree
Family Moraceae
Origin Malaysia, India, Thailand, Burma, Southeast Asia, Southern China
Ease of cultivation Easy, suitable for beginners
The size Most often in room conditions from 40 cm to 3 m.
Growth rate High, from 60 cm to 1 m per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-78,8 ° F, in the winter not below 62,6 ° F.
Humidity High. Spraying of plants is required once a week, especially at high temperatures in winter after heating is turned on. It should be put on a pallet with wet claydite. Leaves should be regularly wiped with a damp sponge.
Lighting Bright diffused light, place on a sunny spot by the window.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf earth, 1 part sand. Good drainage is necessary, the best option is if its lower layer is claydite, and the upper one is sand.
Watering In summer, regular watering with soft warm water (1 time in 3-4 days), before the next watering the soil should dry slightly, the water should not stagnate. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once a month, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral.
Reproduction The apical cuttings of 8 cm long, at least with one sheet, are rooted in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, in the mini-glove (covering the container with the cuticle with polyethylene or glass) at a temperature of 77 ° FF using hormones.Aged plants with stretched shoots can be multiplied by layers. Below the leaf on the stem should be a shallow incision with a knife, where to insert a pebble and sprinkle with hormonal powder. Wrap the incision with wet moss and wind it around the rope. Top with polyethylene. When the moss roots appear, the shoot will need to be cut below the winding and plant the new plant in a separate pot. Cut on the bottom of the plant should be treated with petroleum jelly, it can also give lateral shoots.
Bloom The rooms do not bloom. In greenhouses, like all ficuses, forms syconia – small globular inflorescences, reminiscent of berries.
Transfer In February-March, young plants are planted annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. In adult plants, it is possible to replace the upper 3 cm of soil.
Features of care In spring, large plants should be cut off shoots for the formation of the crown. The plant does not like drafts. Ficus should be periodically rotated relative to the light source. In summer, the plant is preferable to keep on the balcony or in the garden. The plant is very large, it requires a spacious room. In winter, put the plant away from the radiator.
Difficulties It is affected by a mealybug, as well as a scab, a spider mite. Leaves fall most often because of overmoistening. Falling of the lower leaves in old plants is a natural process.The leaves wither, brown spots appear on them at too low a temperature, the leaves fade and sag in case of insufficient watering. The leaves are pale, the plant grows poorly, new leaves are small from the non-nutrient nutrients. The plant is stretched, the leaves are small with a lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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