Exacum

Exacum

Life form Grassy, ​​half-shrub
Family Gentianaceae – Gentianaceae
Origin Sokotra (Yemen)
Ease of cultivation Quite complex
The size 15-30 cm tall and wide
Growth rate Low
Lifespan Usually grow 1 or 2 years, after which the plant is replaced.
Temperature In summer it is desirable to maintain a not too hot temperature and to air the plant, in winter the temperature is preferably 50-59 ° F.
Humidity Requires increased humidity, it is better to put the plant in a pallet with moist pebbles or often spray the leaves.
Lighting Bright diffused light. It is necessary to make shade from direct sun.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 1 part of the garden land, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite, peat, leaf land. Can grow in peat. Always use a pot with an opening and drainage.
Watering The soil during flowering should be constantly moist. However, one should beware of overflow. Water with warm water 2-3 times a week.
Fertilizer During the growing season every 10-15 days with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Seed propagation is possible, which should be sown in early spring or late summer. Seeds should be planted in a mixture of moss and peat, sprinkling them on the surface and lightly pressing (do not cover the ground). Pots with seeds should be poured from below, placing in a vessel with water. Next, put the pots in a warm place and cover with glass. Transplant should be when the seedlings reach a height of 5 cm. It is required to maintain the temperature 62,6-64,4 ° F.
Bloom Blossoms from late spring to late autumn with fine fragrant flowers of white, lilac or lavender color with a yellow eye.
Transfer Transplanted in spring or after flowering into a larger pot. However ekzakum often grown as an annual.
Features of care When growing better ekzakuma combine several plants in one pot. To prolong flowering, it is timely to cut off the faded flowers, which continue to absorb nutrients. This stimulates the formation of new flowers. In summer it is good to take outside. If after flowering the plant begins to wither, it must be discarded or severely cut off and left for the winter. If the flowers do not appear, the plant should be moved to a warmer place and increase the humidity of the air.
Difficulties Withering of the plant can be caused by a draft. Flowers can fade and quickly fall off when the earth’s coma dries out. From low humidity can quickly fall leaves. At low temperatures and wet soil in ekzakuma can start to rot the roots and stems. Infestation of aphids and thrips.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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