Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Myrtaceae
Origin Australia, the Malay Archipelago, New Guinea, the Philippine Islands
Ease of cultivation Medium difficulty
The size Can reach a height of 2 m or more in room conditions in a volume pot
Growth rate Very high, up to 50 cm per year and more.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer, prefers room temperature, in winter it is desirable to have a cool content on the veranda at a temperature of 42,8-44,6 ° F.
Humidity High humidity is not required. However, it is desirable to spray in the summer every 2-3 days.
Lighting A sunny place, a few hours of direct sunshine a day. The south and south-east window is suitable.
The soil Ready-made rich weakly acidic primer is suitable for general use. For the soil of own preparation, take 1 part of turf ground, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat and 1 part of humus. Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering Water copiously with soft water in summer times 2-3 times a week, and in winter every 8-10 days. The substrate must never dry up. When the soil is completely dry, the leaves wilt, and the plant can die quickly enough.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, a complex fertilizer with low phosphorus content. It is good to use organic fertilizers
Reproduction Cuttings reproduce with difficulty. It is possible to propagate by seeds, sowing is carried out in February-March. Seeds are sown to the surface of the substrate from turf ground and sand, the soil is not sprinkled, covered with polyethylene and germinated in diffused light at a temperature of not less than 64,4-68 ° F. Water better, spraying from the spray. Seeds germinate approximately on the 7th day. Next, the seedlings are placed under conditions of bright scattered light. Without light, their growth will be very bad. When the plants get stronger, they can be dived. However, the root system of the eucalyptus seedlings is rather fragile, so when transplanting one should be careful not to damage it.
Bloom In spring and summer, white flowers appear with numerous stamens collected in umbellate inflorescences. In indoor conditions, flowers rarely enough.
Transfer Young – every year, as far as braiding the roots of an earthy coma, in the spring, as soon as new leaves appear. Eucalyptus requires a large pot. When the plant reaches a large size, it is enough only to change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care For the summer it is good to take the plant in the garden. No need for trimming eucalyptus. For cultivation in an apartment, low eucalyptus species are more suitable: E. vernicosa, E. kybeanensis or E. gregsoniana.
Difficulties It is affected by mealybugs, scabs, aphids, thrips and spider mites. Leaves twist when the soil dries up. It dies very quickly when there is insufficient watering. The plant is strongly stretched, forms weak shoots in case of insufficient illumination.
Air cleaning The essential oils emitted by the leaves of the eucalyptus disinfect the air.
Toxicity Non-toxic


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