Elettaria

Elettaria

Life form Bush
Family Zingibiraceae
Origin India, Sri Lanka
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size In the pot is 60-80 cm, up to 1.8 m in height and width.
Growth rate High not only in height, but also in width, reaches adult sizes for 1 season.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature It prefers a temperature of 55,4-84,2 ° F. The plant is thermophilic, does not tolerate low temperatures.
Humidity Not less than 60%. It is necessary to spray regularly in summer.
Lighting Bright diffused light, penumbra. Cardamom should be shaded from the sun on the hottest days.
The soil A ready-made, air-permeable primer with a small amount of sand is suitable. For soil preparation: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, 1 part leaf land, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole. You can use soil from peat and perlite. pH 5-7.
Watering Summer abundantly watered every 2-3 days as the soil dries. Between watering the soil should not dry up. Winter and autumn watering is reduced.
Fertilizer From April to September, once every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer with an increased content of nitrogen, low phosphorus and low potassium.
Reproduction By dividing the rhizomes of adult plants in February-March, which is divided into parts by a sharp knife, the surfaces of the slices are sprinkled with crushed charcoal, the rhizome site should have at least 2 buds or shoots and 2 accessory roots. Once planted in the soil is constant. Also propagated by seeds, which should be just collected from the plant. Seeded either freshly collected and washed seeds, or seeds were dried for a week and mixed with ash or talc. Seeds germinate for 5-7 weeks at a temperature of 66,2-75,2 ° F. Seated seedlings when they reach the value of 25-30 cm. Seedlings should be planted in wet substrate, but excessive watering is harmful to them.
Bloom From April-May to July-August forms large brushes with white flowers.
Transfer Spring every year in a fresh soil mixture. When transplanting, division of rhizomes is possible.
Features of care It requires regular pruning and removal of damaged leaves and shoots. Unlike ginger, cardamom’s food does not use rhizome, but fruits.
Difficulties At low humidity spider mite infestation may occur. The plant also extends from lack of illumination. The tips of the leaves dry in dry air or with insufficient watering. Leaves wilt also with insufficient watering. Cardamom is often affected by viral infections.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *