Dionaea

Dionaea

Life form Herbaceous
Family Droseraceae
Origin North America
Ease of cultivation A plant that is difficult to grow
The size Not a very large plant up to 10-25 cm in height and in diameter, leaves 3-8 cm long.
Growth rate A young plant becomes an adult for 1 vegetation season.
Lifespan In the house from one to three years.
Temperature The most comfortable temperature for the plant is 55,4-77 ° F, but it can adapt to different temperatures, the minimum that the plant can withstand 23° F.
Humidity Not less than 40%. However, the dioion adapts to different levels of humidity.
Lighting A bright diffused light, it is necessary not less than 4 hours per day of direct light.
The soil Very light, poor acid soil is needed. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 3 parts of peat or sphagnum, 2 parts of sand and 1 part of perlite. However, ordinary sand can contain different mineral elements, so it is better to use quartz. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In the summer, water, dropping the pot in a permanent (preferably rain or distilled water) about once every 3 days, in winter, once a week or less. Leaves thus it is impossible to wet. Do not use tap water. Water should not contain any minerals.
Fertilizer The plant is better not to be fed. Due to the fertilizer. sensitive roots of the dionaea can be affected.
Reproduction Most often spread by seeds in the fall, they are planted in peat land. Seeds germinate long enough – by February. The first time the sprouts grow very slowly. They are placed under polyethylene or covered with a jar.The plant forms pseudobulbs, so in winter it can “die”, the leaves die, the plant enters a period of rest, but in the summer it sprouts again.The plants are also propagated by the branch of daughter outlets and leaf petioles. However, the leaf petiole must separate from the healthy plant, excavated from the soil, together with a small part of the rhizome. To do this, take hold of the leaf and slightly pull it down. A crust with a small piece of rhizome should be placed on a moist mixture of peat and perlite.For reproduction, you can use a flower shoot with an unformed flower, cutting it as close to the rhizome as possible.
Bloom Small white flowers up to 1 cm in diameter at the top of the shoot, blooms in May-June.If the main task is to maximize the traps in dionaea, we should not let the plant bloom, beforehand removing the shoots with flowers. This also stimulates the appearance of daughter outlets.
Transfer Transplanted every 2 years in the spring. The pot should be deep enough. the plant has a deep root system. The depth of the pot should be 2 times larger than the diameter of the plant.
Features of care The plant is insectivorous. Periodically it is useful to feed live insects, the size of which does not exceed half the value of the trap. A steep insect can remain undigested and begin to rot. Each trap after several feeding cycles loses the ability to catch insects and serves as a photosynthetic organ. Instead, new traps are formed. It is not very useful to “tease” traps, tk. every slamming it shortens the life cycle. Although dionaea can exist without such feeding, it is very useful for its growth.In winter, the plant can be at rest, leaves can die and it can be kept in the dark and cool, only occasionally watering. However, if the heat in the room keeps the leaves in the winter, only its growth will stop.It is necessary to cut off old blackened leaves in a timely manner.
Difficulties Rarely affected by pests. Perhaps the appearance of aphids and spider mites, as well as mushroom mosquito. The plant can rot when kept cold and over-watered.
Air cleaning
Toxicity

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