Desmodium

Desmodium

Life form Bush
Family Fabaceae
Origin Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. America: southeastern United States.
Ease of cultivation Light with small difficulties, in natural conditions, the plant is referred to as weed.
The size In nature desmodium reaches a height of 2 m in height in one season, however in the room its size is somewhat smaller.
Growth rate The plant reaches its maximum height in one season, forms branches 1-1.5 m in one year.
Lifespan A perennial plant, however, with the passage of time, it loses decorativeness. It is desirable to renew the plant after 2-3 years of growth.
Temperature In the summer: up to 73,4-86 ° F. Desmodium can withstand frost for a short time.
Humidity Not less than 60%, the plant should be periodically sprayed.
Lighting A brightly lit place on the south or west window. Prefers bright diffused light. When there is a lack of lighting, shoots stretch, with excess – the leaves turn yellow and twist.
The soil The ready-made general-purpose soil grows well in completely different types of soil, a rich loose soil is suitable with the addition of a small amount of sand. Prefers nutrient-rich lung soils with pH =” 6. Soil homemade take: 1 part of the greenhouse ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus manure, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. The second possible mixture: 1 part leaf, 1 part sod land, 1 part sand. Always use a pot with a hole. Drainage is required.
Watering Intense, watered every 3 days. In summer, the soil should always be moist, but not too humid. With a lack of moisture, the leaves quickly fall off. In winter, watering is limited.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once every two to three weeks, liquid fertilizer. It is possible to use organic fertilizing.
Reproduction The plant seeds in the spring. The seeds are small enough. Pre-soaked in warm water for at least 5 hours, the seeds should be planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, on the surface of the substrate make a groove depth of about 5 cm at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Seeds are sprinkled with soil in a layer of 1 cm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, placed in a warm place under indirect light or fluorescent lamps (in case of lack of lighting, the shoots will stretch and become weak). Seedlings appear within 2 weeks – 4 months at a temperature of 77 ° F. Too thick crops are thinned out. When they have pinnate leaves, the seedlings will need to be dived and placed in small pots and also covered with foil for the first time. Desmodium can be multiplied by division during transplantation. It is also possible to propagate stem stems in August.
Bloom In summer, in June-August, the inflorescence is pink-violet.Blossom 3-4 months after planting.
Transfer Transplanted young plants as they grow.
Features of care Another name for the desmodium is the telegraph tree, a dancing plant. Desmodium has an interesting ability to move and povorrachivat leaves in the direction of sunlight.Naturally, the plant does not move at night. In summer desmodium is desirable to carry out into the garden. There is information about the medicinal properties of the desmodium.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite and aphids. In poorly drained soil, it can suffer from fungal diseases. Leaves do not open during the day and turn yellow with excessive watering. In the case of waterlogging in the cold, plants can rot. The leaves turn yellow, and the leaves fall off with insufficient watering or in too dry air.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Not toxic if not ingested.


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