Davallia

Davallia

Life form Fern
Family Davallievye – Davalliaceae
Origin On the Island of Fiji, Tropical Asia.
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size 15-20 cm in height.
Growth rate Fast
Lifespan Many years.
Temperature In the summer: 68-77, in the winter 64,4-68 ° F, the minimum temperature is 55,4 ° F.
Humidity High. Pot desirable to place in the pallet of moist peat and spray 2 times a day with warm and soft supernatant water. Especially important is the high humidity at a temperature above 68 ° F. In summer it is necessary to ventilate.
Lighting Bright diffused light or partial shade. Ideally a window facing east. Can grow under artificial lighting.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, it must be loose and breathable. Make a mixture of peat, leaf soil and sand. It is better to add sphagnum and charcoal, you can have some pine bark. Good drainage is necessary (1-2 cm).
Watering Copious irrigation is required, but will not allow the overflow, it is desirable to water, when the upper layer of soil dries. In no case should water get on the rhizomes. It is better to place the plant in a water tank with water.
Fertilizer During growth, every 2 weeks, feed twice diluted with fertilizer.
Reproduction In June, by dividing a bush or rhizome with 1-2 leaves, which should be cut with a sharp knife. Slicing sprinkled with crushed coal and planted separately, just slightly pressing into the kidney. It is possible to propagate even part of the rhizome, the growth part of which is placed on top. Rather difficult to reproduce by spores with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Dilute with distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Pour the spores on the surface of the peat container and cover glass or plastic cover. Constantly maintain the desired level of water.Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer Young each year, old – as the volume of the pot is filled, every 2-3 years in late February – early March. You can not penetrate the rhizome, the “feet” must be on top. It is better to use wide low pots.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take out on the balcony or in the garden in the shade. Suitable for suspended flower pots.
Difficulties Affected by thrips and whiteflies. When there is a lack of moisture, the leaves or tips of the leaves dry, from the cold air curl. When dry air leaves turn yellow and die base can dry leaf tips. With excessive watering, the fern turns yellow and resets the segments. Do not stand drafts. From bright sun, leaf burns are possible.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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