Citrus limon

Citrus limon

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Rutaceae
Origin Southeast Asia
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Can reach a height of more than 1 m.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial plant, up to 10 years and more in a pot.
Temperature In summer: warm, in winter 46,4-50 ° F.
Humidity Increased, in summer it is required to spray with soft boiled water. In winter it is sprayed at high temperatures.
Lighting It is desirable to have a bright sun, possibly a southern, south-western window.
The soil Ready ground is suitable  for lemons. For soil preparation: 1 part of the sod land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (sheet form), you can add bits of coal. Good drainage is required, for example, the bottom layer of bricks, the top layer of sand.
Watering Moderate, in summer, not more often 1 time per week, in winter – every 2 weeks. Water with soft water, avoiding stagnation of moisture (possibly decaying the root system).
Fertilizer During growth, fertilizer with increased potassium content every month. In the spring, an organic fertilizer is desirable
Reproduction Upper cuttings at a soil temperature of 77 ° F (quite difficult). You can propagate by seeds obtained from fruits. They are cleaned from the pulp and germinated at a temperature of 69,8 ° F. Such plants blossom in 10-12 years. The process can be accelerated by grafting from a previously flowering plant.
Bloom Small (up to 3 cm) scented flowers. Flowering begins in spring, under favorable conditions it can be repeated 2-3 times a year. Flowers self-pollinating, ripening of fruits lasts from six months to a year.
Transfer Until the age of three, they are transplanted annually in February-March, 4-7-year-old lemons are transplanted after a year, and large specimens every 3-5 years. Young plants can not be transplanted into too large a pot. The size of the new pot should be 5-6 cm more than the previous one, you can not bury the root neck.
Features of care Requires a pronounced rest period. Flowering is provided by cool wintering. The plant can be rotated no more than 50 ° F. Does not like the change of location. Regular pruning is required. In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street.
Difficulties Amazed scale insects, spider mites, aphids, scale insects, whiteflies. With a lack of magnesium and iron, yellowing of the leaves is possible. Leaves are light green with a lack of light or nutrients. Leaves and buds fall off with a lack or excess of moisture. New shoots are thin with a lack of light or nutrients. The tips of the leaves are brown with insufficient moisture or weak watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns.


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