Catharanthus

Catharanthus

Life form Bush
Family Apocynaceae
Origin India, Madagascar
Ease of cultivation Simple for growing a plant
The size With proper pruning up to 30-50 cm in height and width.
Growth rate Quick, if not pruned
Lifespan A perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-69,8 ° F, at higher temperatures, higher humidity is required, in winter the temperature is 55,4-59 ° F.
Humidity High, not less than 50%, the plant is useful to regularly spray water at room temperature.
Lighting Bright diffused light, can grow on a young window with a shade, an ideally eastern and western window. From direct sun, leaf burns can occur.
The soil Fertile, well drained soil is suitable.   2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sod land, 1 part of peat land, 1/2 part of coarse sand or perlite. 2nd option:   1 part of peat land, 1 part humus earth, 1 part coarse-grained sand.   Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant in summer, 2-3 times a week, the soil should not dry out. Winter contrast between waterings soil should dry well, water from the sump, drain, since it is possible rotting of roots with excessive moistening.
Fertilizer From May to September, 2 times a week, liquid fertilizer for indoor plants.
Reproduction The apical cuttings are about 10-12 cm long in spring and summer in mini-teplichkah, constantly spraying and airing. The stalk is planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, preliminarily cutting off the lower leaves and making a small hole with a pencil in the soil. The cut of the cuttings is better (though not necessary) treated with hormones (corn root). The container is covered with glass and put on diffused light. Maintain a temperature of about 69,8 ° F. The glass is removed after about 3 weeks. Plants are planted in a constant soil mixture. It is possible to plant several cuttings at once in one pot. Blossom plants usually in the same year.The cataract is easily propagated by seeds, which easily germinate at a temperature of 68-75,2 ° F. Seeds scatter on the surface of a moistened substrate of peat and sand, you can lightly sprinkle them with soil (a layer no thicker than 3 mm) and cover with polyethylene. It is best to put a container with seeds in a dark place. Germinate after 5-7 days. After that, put the pot in the conditions of diffuse lighting. The soil should be periodically moistened as it dries. About a month later, polyethylene is removed, another month later, a pick is possible.
Bloom In the summer pink bell-bellied flowers.
Transfer Every year in the spring, the pot must be voluminous, deep enough and have a diameter of about 25 cm, because The catarrhatus expands rather quickly.
Features of care In summer, the plant is better placed in the garden or on the balcony in a sheltered place with a little shade. The plant likes airing, but in hot conditions increasing the number of colors. Cataract should be periodically cut.
Difficulties The cataract is a rather unpretentious and stable plant. Rarely affected by spider mites, scutes, aphids. The plant grows poorly and does not blossom due to lack of nutrients. In winter, at a lower soil temperature, compared to the air temperature, the roots can decay. Root decay can also occur in other cases of waterlogging the soil. Perhaps the appearance of leaf spot, associated with fungal lesions. With insufficient watering, the leaves can quickly and quickly curl.
Air cleaning
Toxicity The catarrht is toxic, one should be careful with the juice of the plant.


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