Capsicum annuum

Capsicum annuum

Life form Bush
Family Solanaceae
Origin Tropics of Central and South America
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Can reach a size of 20-50 cm in a pot
Growth rate Grow in one season
Lifespan Annual plant
Temperature In the summer: 50-69,8 ° F.
Humidity The plant needs to be sprayed from above 1 time per week, after flowering it favors the formation of fruits.
Lighting A bright light is necessary for setting fruit. Suitable south window with shading.
The soil A fertile, well drained soil with a neutral reaction is suitable, similar to the substrate for senpolia. 2 parts of garden land, 2 parts of humus (leafy earth), 2 parts of peat, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. You can use a substrate based on peat. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Frequent, in the summer in flowering period every 3-4 days with soft water, the soil should not dry out, in the bright sun the watering should be even more frequent. When ripe, the fruit should be slightly reduced. If it is cool (at a temperature of 59 ° F), water once a week.
Fertilizer From May to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer. After tying fruit, stop feeding.
Reproduction You can propagate seeds in the early spring at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F, sowing them in mini-greenhouses in a mixture of peat and sand. After sowing, seeds should only be lightly covered with soil. The container should be covered with glass and put in a dark place. Seeds usually grow poorly. When they germinate, a mini-greenhouse can be transferred to light. A month after the emergence of shoots (when there are at least 2 leaves), plants can be dived and transplanted. Seed reproduction of decorative peppers – quite difficult for beginners.
Bloom Blooms in the summer unattractive white-green flowers. Appreciated for the beauty of fruits that change color and are purple, beige, red, orange, yellow.
Transfer As the seedlings develop, transplant once. Also it is necessary to transplant the purchased plants once.
Features of care In summer it is desirable to take the plant out into the open air. Fruits can be used as a seasoning. As soon as they begin to wither and fall, the plant is usually thrown out.
Difficulties The aphids, a spider mite, a whitefly, false mildew are affected. Fruits and leaves may fall off from hot dry air (at temperatures above 69,8 ° F). Leaves may also fall due to excessive watering. From excessive dryness, the leaves can turn yellow. The plant does not grow if it’s too cold. The leaves can turn pale, and the plant does not bear fruit from a lack of nutrients. The plant is stretched from the intense heat.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Poisonous as all the nightshade. Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns.


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