Callisia

Callisia

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel, shrub
Family Commelinaceae
Origin Central and South America, Mexico
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size At home, lateral shoots can reach 1 m in length
Growth rate Average, young plants increase by several cm per year.
Lifespan Perennial plants.
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-75,2 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature at least 53,6 ° F.
Humidity The plant relatively easily tolerates the dry air of the apartments, but it responds well to daily spraying in summer with soft water. In winter it is better to place away from the radiators so that dry tips do not appear near the leaves.
Lighting It prefers bright diffused light, while at the same time, the plant should be protected from direct sunlight. In poor lighting, the stems may stretch.
The soil Soil homemade take: 1 part compost soil, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, 1 part earth, 2 parts peat (pH 6-8). Good drainage is required. You can use a substrate based on peat.
Watering In spring and summer, water every 3 days with standing water, the soil should be constantly moderately moist, water stagnation should not be allowed, water should be drained from the pan. In the autumn, watering once a week. In winter, watered no more than 1 time in 10 days, the soil between watering should dry up. When watering, water should not fall on the leaves.
Fertilizer In spring and summer 1 time in 2-4 weeks with liquid fertilizer, diluted twice. At too intensive top dressing the plant quickly grows, but the bottom part of stems thus is exposed.
Reproduction The plant’s apical cuttings can be spread, which leave 3-4 leaves, roots in a mixture of sand and peat, at a temperature of 71,6-75,2 ° F under ambient light; cuttings take root in 2 weeks. Can be propagated by separating the side shoots from the roots, stimulate the formation of which can be regularly topping tops. Such offspring should be germinated under the film at a temperature of 68 ° F. The third way of reproduction is a careful division of the rhizome during plant transplantation. The plant can be spread by seeds.
Bloom Blossoms in late winter – early spring, small white flowers, collected in the inflorescence at the base of the leaves.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every year in late spring. Large plants are transplanted once every 3-5 years, when the pot becomes too tight for the overgrown roots.
Features of care Do not allow water to enter the center of the outlet, in which case the leaves will rot. It is necessary to remove the dying lower leaves in time. The plant does not like drafts or temperature changes that slow growth. In kallizii graceful need time to pinch the tops of the shoots to form the rounded shape of the plant. The plants are suitable for hanging baskets.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, mealybug and aphids. The stems are stretched when there is a lack of light. Too slow growth, smaller and pale young leaves are observed with a lack of nutrition. The leaves are soft and droop at too low a temperature. If the bases of the leaves of the rosette turn brown and decay – this is the result of water entering the center of the socket. Brown spots on the leaves can be caused by excessive dryness of the air.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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