Calceolaria

Calceolaria

Life form Herbaceous
Family Scrophulariaceae
Origin Central and South America
Ease of cultivation Medium difficulty
The size In height and width up to 30-60 cm.
Growth rate Grows in one season
Lifespan Calceolaria is a perennial plant, but it is usually grown for 1 year and discarded after flowering or is renewed again from the seeds.
Temperature It is better to maintain the temperature to 60,8 ° F in the daytime and 44,6-50 ° F at night. If the temperature is too high, the inflorescence falls off more quickly. Long bloom is possible only with cool content. Therefore, it is better to put calceolaria in the open window or on the balcony.
Humidity Requires high room humidity. It is desirable to spray the air around the calceolaria from time to time, without getting to the plant itself. It is better to place the pot in a pan with damp moss.
Lighting Calceolaria need bright-scattering light, but too bright sunlight quickly withered inflorescence; the ideal location is the east window.
The soil For calceolaria suitable soil mixture based on compost, turf, sand or perlite, requires a loose, fertile mixture. You can use the stores substrate for plants. Always use a pot with an opening and drainage.
Watering Watering of calceolaria should be frequent, the soil should be slightly moistened at all times. At watering it is impossible, that water got on flowers. However, it is also not possible for the water to stagnate in the pan; The excess moisture leads to decay of the roots. If waterlogged or dried, the plant may die.
Fertilizer Calceolaria is fed with fertilizer solution approximately once a week from April to September. However, the use of fertilizing for a plant grown as an annual crop is not necessary.
Reproduction Easily propagated by seeds from June to September, the seeds are very small, so they are better mixed with talc and spilled on the surface of the soil. It is best to germinate the seeds of calceolaria in peat tablets. Sowing can be carried out from July to November at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Seeds germinate in 10-12 days. After the appearance of the second leaf, the seedlings are dived into pots with a diameter of 8 cm. After transplantation, the optimum temperature is 57,2-59 ° F. The calceolaria can begin in 3 months.Can be propagated by cuttings at the end of summer.
Bloom Blossoms from May to September. A yellow, yellow with red flowers bag-shape. The plant blooms longer if it is placed in a cool environment.
Transfer The plants are grown mainly as annuals, so transplanting is usually required only immediately after the purchase in a pot with a diameter of 16 cm.
Features of care The plant can be grown outdoors. It is timely to remove faded peduncles and damaged leaves. You should buy plants with a small number of blossoming flowers and a lot of buds. If all the conditions can be achieved flowering calceolaria lasting for a month.
Difficulties The most commonly affected by aphids, because of which, as a rule, the plant dies after flowering. Also affected whitefly, nematodes can infect the root system. Viruses can deform the edges of the leaves and cause the formation of yellow stains on them. When water gets on the leaves or baskets, they can be affected by gray rot. Calceolaria can discard all buds in dry and hot air, at a temperature above 64,4 ° F. Cervical decay may occur. Weak bloom is possible in low light conditions.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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