Caladium

Caladium

Life form Herbaceous
Family Araceae
Origin West Indies, Tropical South America
Ease of cultivation Easy, with little difficulty.
The size Up to 30-60 cm in height and width.
Growth rate About 10-12 leaves a year.
Lifespan 1-2 years in the apartment. Many are grown as an annual plant. If you provide good care and a normal winter – a few seasons.
Temperature Heat-loving plant. In summer: 59-75,2 ° F, in winter – 64,4 ° F, not lower than 55,4 ° F, if the rhizomes of the plant winter.
Humidity Increased. Desirable content in moist pebbles. Dislikes when sprayed from above.
Lighting Bright scattered light, avoid direct sunlight. The west and east windows are suitable.
The soil Slightly acidic light fertile soil. Equal parts of sand, humus, peat and turf. You can grow in pure peat. Required drainage.
Watering In the summer – very abundant 3-4 times a week, the land should be moist all the time, but not too humid; when growth stops and will no longer appear new leaves, watering  to once per week. In winter, keep the rhizome in moderately moist soil, watering about once every 2 weeks.
Fertilizer During the growing season, starting in May, every two weeks, liquid fertilizer. Concentration should be halved, compared with recommended.
Reproduction After wintering, multiply, separating parts of the tuber of the mother plant. The division of the tuber is carried out as soon as new shoots begin to appear in the spring (in March). In every parts must be at least one separate sheet. The nodules are planted in a peat-sand mixture at a depth equal to the thickness of the tuber. Germinate at a temperature of 69-75,2 ° F, covered with polyethylene. Sometimes in summer the plant gives small sprouts, which can also be multiplied. Occasionally, propagation is carried out with seeds that are sown in a mixture of peat and leaf land. Seedlings appear after 2-3 weeks. By the autumn the plants form new tubers. Seed propagation is not guaranteed.
Bloom Cob with a veil, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer Every year in March. It should take out the old tubers from the pot and plant about 3 tubers in a pot 18 cm in diameter. Keep the pot at very low humidity and 71,6-75,2 ° F (put on the radiator) until the seedlings appear. Tubers quickly rot at the beginning of growth, if they are heavily moisturized.
Features of care The plant has a rest period, in autumn the leaves die, watering is reduced, dying leaves should be cut off in time. In winter, the tubers are kept in old soil or sand at a temperature of at least 55,4 ° F. Heat and moisture-loving shade-tolerant plant. It does not tolerate drafts, does not tolerate water falling on the leaves. Leaves can not be wiped;they are very thin
Difficulties It can be attacked by aphids. Its leaves can be twisted by too hot and dry air either from drafts, and if the soil is dried up. Brown leaves become dry, if too cold. Mold on leaves and soil surface appears in the cold and drafts. Leaves wither and die in the cold, discolored – from lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity It calls for caution as all Araceae. The juice of these plants contains oxalate crystals, which when chewing can lead to pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, they can cause breathing problems and swelling of the throat.


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *