Begonia

Begonia

Life form Grassy, ​​shrub, ampel
Family Begoniaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa and America.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size 20-40 cm tall and wide. Individual types of deciduous begonias can reach heights up to 1 m.
Growth rate Most species and varieties grow very fast and require regular pruning.
Lifespan The plant is desirable to rejuvenate as you age. 3-5 years, through this period of time the appearance becomes unattractive.
Temperature In the summer: preferably not above 68 ° F, if the temperature is higher, it is desirable to provide high humidity and intensive watering; in winter, a minimum of 55,4 ° F. Begonia masoniana does not tolerate the temperature to be below 60,8 ° F.
Humidity Medium, can be placed in a pallet with wet gravel. Occasionally (once a week) can be sprayed, but the water should not fall on the leaves, which can become stained and bend. In cold weather, too high humidity can cause stem rot. Do not spray in winter.
Lighting Scattered light. The windows facing north are coming up. On the south window, be sure to make shade. In winter it is desirable to place the plant on the brightest window.
The soil 2 parts of sod land, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of coarse-grained sand, 1 part of sand. You can use the Soils “Begonia”. Light peat mixtures are suitable.
Watering In summer, 2 times a week with soft water, in winter – every 10 days, so that the earthen lump drops to a depth of 2 cm. Try not to get water on the leaves. The bottom of the pot should not be in water. Excessive hydration can lead to decay of the root system.
Fertilizer Once every 2-3 weeks, alternating liquid mineral and organic fertilizers.
Reproduction For reproduction, you can use begonias cuttings obtained with pruning in spring and summer. It takes root very easily in water. Many species can even be multiplied by parts of a leaf. To do this, the sheet is cut into pieces of 5 cm, so that each includes a part of the central vein. Pieces to insert into wet sand at the end that was closer to the petiole.Cover with polyethylene and keep at a temperature of 69,8 ° F, airing every day for 5 minutes. From the pieces grow new plants. Seed propagation in spring is possible.
Bloom The plant blooms mainly in the summer.
Transfer Begonia grows well in small pots. In the spring, every year to transplant to fresh land, sometimes you can use pots of a slightly larger size.
Features of care It is desirable to avoid drafts. The leaves are usually very fragile, so you have to be careful when transporting the plant. It is desirable to regularly renew plants from leaf cuttings. For the plant, the combustion products of the gas are harmful.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites and aphids. and by powdery mildew, rust and leaf spots. The low temperature causes defoliation begonias, and the lack of irrigation, thereby leading to wilting. The leaves are dry and lethargic in a hot dry atmosphere, yellow and drooping – in a damp and cold. Bubble spots and further sheet blackening is observed in bacterial wilt, small white spots on the leaves with mildew, brown and black spots with at botrytis rot (in all cases should be sprayed with fungicide). Yellow rings and spots are a viral disease (the plant should be destroyed). Rot on leaves and flowers can be caused by spraying from above, and at the base of the stem appears when waterlogged. The leaves twist and dry at the edges, when it’s too hot and dry. In winter, the leaves fall off when it’s too cold. The drooping leaves can be observed when exposed to a burning gas. Small new leaves are formed with insufficient nutrition.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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