Beaucarnea

Beaucarnea

Life form Succulent
Family Agavaceae
Origin Tropical America, Mexico, Southern States of the USA
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size Usually 30-60 cm, sometimes up to 1.5 m.
Growth rate Very slowly, at first a swollen base of the stem is formed, then the stem lengthens by several centimeters per year, the leaves grow faster.
Lifespan Growth takes many years.
Temperature In summer it is best to 69,8 ° F, if the temperature is higher, it is desirable to regularly spray, the plant is better to take out on the street. In winter – 50-59 ° F, not below 44,6 ° F.
Humidity Preferably 50%. If the climate is not too hot, spraying is not necessary.
Lighting Bright sun, in the shade grows very poorly. You can place near the south, and south-west window.
The soil Suitable light soil. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   turf, garden soil, coarse sand   . You can add charcoal, brick crumb, rubble. Do not recommend peat. Very good drainage is required.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up. Watering is rare, but abundant, the lower the temperature, the less often. In the spring and summer about every 6 days. At other times of the year – every 15 days. In winter, the plant can not be watered at all.
Fertilizer During growth, every 4-5 weeks, feed on fertilizer, diluted two-fold. Excess nitrogen is harmful and leaves become more rigid. It is possible not to feed at all if in the spring to replace the top layer of soil.
Reproduction Seeds in April at a temperature of 68 ° F (planted in sand or peat). It grows slowly, gain a decorative look very long. It is possible to propagate by branching apical shoots in the form of bundles of leaves from old branched specimens. Easily rooted in peat, sand, but grow very slowly.
Bloom At home, it blooms very rarely. Flowers are small – white with a lilac tint.
Transfer Young plants should be transplanted when the old pot becomes too small, once in 2-3 years in March-April and adults can be transplanted once in 3-4 years. It is better not to disturb old specimens. When transplanting, it is impossible to cover the plant, it should be planted at the same depth as before. The pot should be shallow, but wide.
Features of care Cracks on the trunk can be covered with garden crockery. Be careful. The plant has thin, rather sharp leaves. The plant needs good ventilation.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite and mealybugs. Leaves grow small with a lack of nutrients or in case the pot became small. Leaves turn pale and easily bend, wilt and dry with lack of light and high temperature. Drying of the tips of leaves is observed when the air is too dry, if the stem is wrinkled, then the watering is too inadequate. The leaves become brown and fall off from excess moisture. In this case, the barrel may rot. The trunk is not growing in thickness with a lack of light and frequent watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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