Brunfelsia

Brunfelsia

Life form Bush
Family Solanaceae – Solanaceae
Origin Otto Brunfels Motherland – tropics of Central and South America.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Can reach a size of up to 1 m in a pot.
Growth rate Low
Lifespan Some years
Temperature In the summer: 68-71,6 ° F, sudden temperature changes are harmful, from October to November, within 8 weeks, a temperature of 48,2-57,2 ° F is required to fill the buds, but this period should not exceed 10-12 weeks.
Humidity The plant should be sprayed, except for the flowering period, at this time it is better to place it on wet gravel in a pallet.
Lighting Scattered bright light, easy pritenenie.
The soil Suitable fertile well-drained soil with a neutral reaction, similar to the substrate for violets.   2 parts of garden land, 2 parts of humus (leafy earth), 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. You can use a substrate based on peat. Always use a pot with a hole. pH5-6.
Watering Frequent, in the summer in flowering period every 3-4 days with soft water. In winter, moderate, once a week. The drying of the soil leads to the fall of the buds. If the moisture is excessive, the root system may decay, especially at low temperatures.
Fertilizer From May to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer. In winter, nitrogen fertilizing is necessary: ​​every 3 days, 10 times, add ammonium nitrate (1 g to 700 ml of water).
Reproduction Slightly lignified cuttings in a mixture of wet peat and perlite at a temperature of 77 ° F. Cuttings are better in the summer. After ukorneniya need pinching several times as they grow. Otto Brunfels can be propagated by seed from January through April, at 77 ° F, inoculating them into the mini-teplichke a mixture of peat and sand. A month after the emergence of sprouting plants can be transplanted.
Bloom From January to May, bright flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, which are blue on the first day, blue on the second, white on the third.
Transfer After flowering 1 time in 1-2 years
Features of care For abundant flowering, a low temperature is required with a simultaneous abundant top dressing in winter. In summer it is desirable to take the plant out into the open air.
Difficulties Affected spider mites, scale insects. Leaves may fall off due to excessive watering peresyhniya or vice versa. Leaves can turn pale from bright light or watering with hard water, sometimes due to a lack of iron.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Poisonous as all the nightshade.


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