Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea

Life form Shrub, liana
Family Nyctaginaceae
Origin Mexico
Ease of cultivation Average
The size In a pot up to 3 m in height
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Up to 10 years, if you provide a cool hibernation.
Temperature In the summer: in the heat (68-77 ° F), in the winter not less than 50 ° F. Too warm wintering has a bad effect on flowering, in this case, good lighting should be provided. If there is little light, it is desirable to maintain a low temperature.
Humidity Increased. Spray the plant until it bloomed. With the beginning of flowering, the plant becomes more resistant to dry air.
Lighting A sunny place, a southern window will suit. Bougainvillea needs directional light for at least 5 hours per day. When there is insufficient light, the plant does not bloom.
The soil Ready ground is suitable   general purpose. It must be fertile, water and breathable. For a soil of own preparation to take:   2 parts of peat on 2 parts of garden soil and 1 part of coarse-grained sand. pH – 5.5 – 6.0. Good drainage is required.
Watering Water abundantly, 2 times a week in summer, the soil should be wet, but not wet. In the period of rest water no more often than every 10-15 days.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn balanced liquid fertilizer every two nedeli.Trebuetsya high content of potassium, iron, and phosphorus. Excess nitrogen can lead to a weakening of flowering.
Reproduction Quite complicated. In the spring it is better to propagate with green cuttings about 8 cm long at a soil temperature of 68-77 ° F. It is desirable to use hormones, lower heating and cover the cuttings with a film. In August-September, it is better to propagate by semi-adhered cuttings without flowers.
Bloom From late spring to early autumn, small yellow flowers surrounded by pink, lilac or red bracts.
Transfer Up to three years of age, transplant annually to a larger pot. Then transplanted every 2-3 years, the pot should not be very large.
Features of care For the summer it is good to take the plant in the garden. Needs pruning to stimulate flowering, which can be carried out right after flowering, removing half the growth of the current year.
Difficulties Whitefly infestation, mites, mealybugs, aphids, scale insects occasionally. Due to excessive dryness, the leaves may fall off. Yellowing of the leaves can indicate an excess of moisture. Falling leaves fall naturally.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns.


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *