Anthurium

Anthurium

Life form Herbaceous
Family Araceae
Names-synonyms At us anthurium is often called a flower “man’s happiness”. In English-speaking countries it is called tailed flower (tailflower) or flamingo flower (flamingoflower).
Origin and distribution Central and South America
Ease of cultivation A fairly complex plant for room keeping.
Dimensions Up to 50-70 cm in height.
Growth rate Slowly growing plant
Lifespan Many years with proper care.
Temperature Heat-loving plant. In summer: 68-77 ° F, in winter – not lower than 59-60,8 ° F, otherwise the leaves start to die. Anturium Andre can withstand 53,6 ° F.
Humidity Increased. In summer, spray soft water at least once a day, not allowing moisture to enter the flowers; with dry air in the room is mandatory content in moist pebbles.
Lighting In the summer – diffuse light, avoid direct sunlight. The north, west and east windows are suitable. In bright light, the leaves can be folded. With a lack of light, it will not bloom.
The soil 3 parts of peat, 1 part of sliced ​​sphagnum moss, 1 part of gravel and a little organic soil. You can add pine needles.Required drainage and a hole in the pot.
Watering In summer – 2 times a week, the land should be moist all the time, but not too humid and dry a little between waterings; In winter, once a week. Watered with soft water.
How to fertilize During the growing season, starting in May, every two to three weeks, liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Fission of the rhizome during transplantation.Can be propagated by cuttings of stems or separate leaves.Seeds are planted at a temperature of 77 ° F, germinate in a few months.
Bloom Cob with a veil, blooms throughout the year, especially abundant in summer, red and white colors, up to 20 cm, 59 – 60,8 ° F stimulates flowering.
Transfer Infrequently, every 3-4 years.
Features of care In summer it is desirable to keep the plant outdoors, in the shade.
Possible problems in growing When the light is excessive, the leaves are folded. On the flowers when water gets black spots. Excess moisture leads to decay of the stems, the appearance of fungal infection and dark spots on the leaves. In dry air, the leaves dry and thinner.Shrinking leaves and lack of flowering accompanies lack of lighting or feeding. It is affected by spider mites, aphids, mealybugs and root nematodes.
Air cleaning Clears air from formaldehyde, xylene, ammonia.
Toxicity It calls for caution as all Araceae. The plant is poisonous if ingested. Its juice contains crystals of oxalate, which when chewing can lead to pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, they can cause breathing problems and swelling of the throat.


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