Aloe

Aloe

Life form Succulent
Family Lileaceae
Origin Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira, Morocco, Cape Verde Islands, Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar.
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size In height 10-50 cm for indoor, in nature – up to 2 m.
Growth rate Treelike grow rapidly (annually at 5-10 cm), rosette species much slower.
Lifespan From 5 to 20 years and more.
Temperature In summer it is best 68 ° F, if the temperature is higher, a brighter light is desirable. In winter – 50-59 ° F.
Humidity Low
Lighting Bright sun, can grow in the shade, but weakly.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   turf, garden soil, coarse sand. You can add charcoal and brick crumbs. Peat is not recommended.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up. Watered approximately every week during the growth period (if there is little light, cut water), in winter – 1-2 times a month. Water should not fall into the axils of the leaves.
Fertilizer During the growth of 2-3 razapodkarmlivat fertilizer for cacti.
Reproduction Branch of lateral shoots, stem or leaf cuttings, radical shoots, which must first be dried, leaving in the sun for several hours. Ukorneyat in tofre, sand. Roots will appear in 3-4 weeks. Seed propagation is possible in April at a temperature of 68 ° F (planted in sand or peat). With seed multiplication varietal features may not be transmitted.
Bloom Spring or summer throws out a long flower spike with tubular flowers on top. After flowering cut off at the base.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted when the old pot becomes small, adults – once every 3-4 years, old specimens are better not to be bothered.
Features of care If the plant is on the street, you can not allow water to accumulate after the rain in the center of the outlet.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, scutellum and mealybugs. Root rot is possible with excessive watering. Leaves stretch and turn pale with lack of light, young leaves grow smaller with a lack of nutrients or in case the pot is small.
Air cleaning Some species purify the air of formaldehyde.
Toxicity Sometimes skin skin contact with aloe can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns.


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