Zingiber

Zingiber

Life form Herbaceous plant
Family Zingibiraceae
Origin Tropical Asia, northern Australia
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size In the pot 60-80 cm, up to 1 m in height and width. Shoots with inflorescences are much shorter.
Growth rate High, ginger reaches the size of an adult plant for one season, with every year, intensively grow and branch out the rhizomes.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: up to 78,8-82,4 ° F in the day and slightly lower at night, however, low temperature and high humidity can lead to decay of the rhizomes. In winter, the rhizomes are stored at room temperature. The plant is thermophilic, does not tolerate low temperatures
Humidity Not less than 60%. In summer it is necessary to spray once a week with soft water. The pot is placed in a tray with wet pebbles. In winter, rhizome must provide a dry period of rest.
Lighting Illuminated place, bright diffused light. Suitable south-west and south-east window, but with too much light in the day, it’s better to shade to avoid the appearance of burns.Ginger can grow in conditions of shading, but the growth becomes less intense, the rhizome branches less.
The soil A ready-made, air-permeable, humified general-purpose primer with a small amount of sand is suitable. For soil preparation: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, 1 part leaf land, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The rhizomes planted in the spring are watered at first very moderately, and after the emergence of sprouts and in the summer they are watered every 2-3 days as the soil dries up. Between watering the soil should be moderately dry. By the autumn, watering is reduced, and in winter they are completely stopped.
Fertilizer From April to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer. It is desirable to use organic top dressing, especially if you plan to use rhizomes for figs for food purposes.
Reproduction By dividing the rhizomes of adult plants in February-March during planting, which is cut into pieces with a sharp knife, the surfaces of the slices are sprinkled with pounded coal, the rhizome site should have at least 2-3 buds. Immediately planted in a permanent soil in shallow wide pots to a depth of 2-3 cm. Put in a bright place.
Bloom In indoor conditions, it rarely blooms and only at high temperature. Specific flower-bearing shoots are formed, covered with leaf scales and bearing apical ears.
Transfer In the spring each year, the overwintered rhizomes are planted in a fresh soil mixture.
Features of care After flowering, cut the branches 10 cm from the base. The plant has a rest period. At the end of summer, watering the plant is reduced. In late autumn, the leaves begin to die.Rhizome until February-March stored in the same soil, or in dry sand or peat. In summer, it is useful to take the plant out into the garden, but place it in a place protected from the wind. If the plant is treated in the growth process chemicals, its rhizome is unsuitable for human consumption.
Difficulties At low humidity it is affected by a spider mite, a whitefly may appear. Growth slows down, the “stems” lengthen the leaves turn pale from lack of light. On the leaves there are patches of dry brown tissue, the leaves turn yellow when the light is too bright. The tips of the leaves dry in dry air or with insufficient watering. Rhizomes rot with excessive moisturizing and low temperature. The growth of the plant slows down with a lack of nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Care must be taken when working with rhizome and wear gloves.


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