Thespesia

Thespesia

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Malvaceae
Origin Islands of the Pacific (Hawaii)
Ease of cultivation Average in ease of growing a plant
The size 1,2-1,5 m
Growth rate Average intensity of growth.
Lifespan Many years
Temperature In the summer: optimally 68-78,8 ° F, in winter it is desirable 64,4-78,8 ° F, the minimum temperature that can be maintained for a short time is + 35,6 ° F.
Humidity Prefers high humidity, needs daily spraying with soft water.
Lighting An ideally south-west window, requires bright light, it takes several hours of direct sun; on the southern window should be slightly shaded. Conditions of bright diffused light are suitable.
The soil Well drained sandy soils for general use. Purchased soil should be sufficiently airy, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is very dense. It needs rich soil. Soil own preparation should be used: 1 part garden soil, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of moist peat or humus (leaf earth) a little lime. The pH is 6-7.4. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Soil should be constantly moist, but stagnation of moisture should be avoided; water every 3-4 days in the summer. Use warm water. Winter watering limit, but do not allow the drying of the earthy coma.
Fertilizer From April to October, at least once every 3-4 weeks, water the plant with diluted fertilizer (preferably in the early morning). It is preferable to use organic fertilizers.
Reproduction In spring, semi-matured stem cuttings about 30 cm long. Leave 3-4 top sheets, the rest are removed. The cut is treated with hormones. Root in moist sand or a mixture of peat or perlite (preferably in a plastic cup to see the roots being formed). It is better to cover the stalk with a plastic bag and put it away from the direct sun. Requires a temperature of at least 71,6-75,2 ° F. Rooting lasts about a month.Seed propagation is possible. Preliminary, the seeds are gently treated with sandpaper or nail clippers to open the sheath, but you can not damage the inside of the seeds. Seeds can not be soaked, but pre-soaking overnight in warm water speeds up germination. Germinate in a mixture of peat and perlite, planting seeds at a depth equal to two seed diameters. Germination lasts 2-4 weeks).
Bloom The flowers are yellow, bell-shaped, similar to the flowers of hibiscus. Hold for 1-2 days, then become dark maroon and fall off. Can bloom within a year.
Transfer Young plants (up to 5-6 years old) are transplanted every spring. The old times in 3-4 years.
Features of care Requires pruning and pricking. If possible, preferably in the summer to keep on the street in the summer. Flowers and fruits are easy to eat.
Difficulties Subject to pests: mealy mulberry, spider mite, thrips, whitefly, scab, aphid. Leaves turn pale with insufficient nutrients or in a small pot. With a lack of light, stretch the shoots.It is affected by powdery mildew, fungal infections that cause spotting of leaves, and also rotting roots with excessive watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Not poisonous


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