Tetrastigma

Tetrastigma

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Vitaceae
Origin Vietnam, Laos, East India, Malaysia, New Guinea, North Australia
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size Up to 2-3 m in length. However, the leaves of too large plants may decrease in size due to deterioration of growth conditions.
Growth rate In a year it grows to 60-100 cm or does not increase in size at all (depending on growth conditions).
Lifespan A perennial plant that needs pruning only because of its too large for room dimensions.
Temperature In summer: the best growth at a temperature of 77-82,4 ° F, in winter minimum – + 50 ° F. At a lower temperature, growth stops, and leaves may begin to fall. The plant responds very badly to cold air, therefore it is necessary to ventilate the room in winter with caution.
Humidity The optimum humidity is about 45%, at high temperatures, weekly spraying with soft water is required. At low temperatures, the plant tolerates dry air.
Lighting A bright diffused light, an eastern window or an arrangement of 1 m from a large window. When there is a lack of light, the tetrastigma is stretched, the leaves are small, they turn yellow with an excess of light.
The soil Suitable ground, which should be rich and loose. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of sod land, 1/2 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of garden land. Requires a pot with a hole.
Watering In summer – 2 times a week, the land should not dry out, in winter – once in 2 weeks, the soil should be slightly damp.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, regularly fed once every 2 weeks with a complex soluble fertilizer, fast-growing specimens can be fed weekly. It is good to use organic fertilizers.
Reproduction Propagation by apical cuttings with a kidney and two leaves, which must be ripened. Young cuttings can not take root. It is desirable to treat the cut with a rootstock, rooting in a mixture of peat with sand in a shady place, covering the stalk with polyethylene and maintaining the temperature 71,6-77 ° F.
Bloom Flowers small, yellowish, in umbellate inflorescences. In the room, almost no blooms.
Transfer In the first 2 years, young plants should be transplanted twice a year because of rapid growth, then transplanted annually in spring in a pot 2 sizes larger than the previous one. When the diameter of the pot exceeds 30 cm, it will be sufficient to change the upper 3 cm of the soil.
Features of care In the summer, you can take out on the street or on the balcony, but protect from direct sunlight.<cE> He does not like drafts. The plant tolerates the pruning well. You can grow by using a support to which the plant is attached using antennas.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, chervets, aphids, and also whiteflies. On the leaves appear brown spots due to sunburn. The shoots are stretched, and the leaves are reduced from lack of light. Leaves can turn yellow and fall off from insufficient watering or from a lack of nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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