Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana

Life form Bush
Family Apocynaceae
Origin Tropical Asia
Ease of cultivation The plant looks like a gardenia, but more naprihotlivo, easy care with little difficulty.
The size Usually from 40 cm to 1 m in height
Growth rate Quite high
Lifespan With proper care up to 7 years and more
Temperature In the summer: 71,6-77 ° F, in the winter 50-60,8 ° F. At a lower temperature, the flowers last longer.
Humidity At temperatures above 68 ° F are not sprayed at least once every 2-3 days top neizvestkovoy soft water to large water droplets do not fall on the flowers.
Lighting A bright place, but not direct sunlight. Suitable for east, south-east window, to the south – with a shading. Optimum – 3-5 hours a day of the morning sun.
The soil Suitable ready soil with acidity pH 4.5-5.5. For the soil of own preparation it is possible to take equal parts of peat, humus, turf and sand. You can add one part of the land from under the coniferous forest. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering in the summer, abundant watering is about once a week. Water should not eastaivatsya. Use only soft water. Twice a month to add water for watering lemon juice (a few drops per 1 liter of water). In winter, watering is moderate. It is required not to fill the plant, but, at the same time, the soil should never dry out, even in winter, it can only slightly dry out the top layer.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every two to three weeks, liquid fertilizer without lime. In the fertilizer should be more potassium and phosphorus and less nitrogen. You can use fertilizer for orchids.
Reproduction Semi lignified apical cuttings of about 10 cm length from June to September in teplichke (or covered with polyethylene) at a temperature of 77 ° F in a mixture of peat and perlite with IAA. Sometimes you can root in the water. After rooting (about a month), plant it separately in a pot. The plant can bloom after 2 months.Propagated by seeds that germinate at a temperature of 64,4 ° F under conditions of scattered light about a month later. The plant blooms in about 2 years.
Bloom White 5-petalled fragrant flowers with slightly twisted petals, which, unlike gardenia, do not change color. Abundant flowering throughout the year.
Transfer Once in 2-3 years, only if the pot is small and roots completely occupied it. Tabernaemontana roots are quite fragile, so you should be careful.
Features of care Do not allow drafts and sudden temperature changes. The low temperature in winter allows you to achieve abundant flowering. It is useful to cut weak shoots in spring and pinch the tops of branches for better branching.
Difficulties Affected spider mites, scale insects, aphids, scale insects, thrips, whiteflies. Flowers and flower buds may fall off due to sudden changes in temperature, dry air, or if you just turn the plant. The leaves turn yellow in too acidic soil or, conversely, as a result of watering with cold and hard water. The edges of the leaves darken and dry because of insufficient or excessive watering or because of the dry air. Dark spots on the petals appear due to improper irrigation. Pallor (chlorosis) of leaves can be associated with watering hard water. In this case, water should be acidified or watered the soil with iron salts. Holes on the leaves may appear as a result of irregular watering. With a lack of light, the plant stretches and blooms less
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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