Syngonium

Syngonium

Life form Herbaceous, ampel, liana
Family Araceae
Origin From Central America to Brazil
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant with little difficulty.
The size At home, it can reach a size of up to 1.5 meters.
Growth rate It grows quite quickly: up to 30 cm per year (about 6-7 new leaves).
Lifespan Perennial plants
Temperature Pretty heat-loving plant. In the summer: 64,4-75,2 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature at least 59 ° F.
Humidity It is preferable to maintain a humidity of at least 60%. In summer it is better to spray at least 3 times a week (or better every day), in winter, keep away from radiators and periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, it is also useful to keep the pots in a pan with wet claydite. Although the plant is fairly stable, high humidity conditions will ensure its optimal growth.
Lighting Variegated forms redpochitayut bright ambient light, can be grown near the south-western windows, shading the transparent curtain. Zelenolistnyh varieties prefer partial shade.
The soil For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 3 parts of leaf land. Or – Part 1 turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat land, 1/2 of sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In spring and summer, water soft water at room temperature 2-3 times a week, in winter – not more than 1 time in 7-8 days. The soil between the watering should gently dry out from above. If the air temperature is very low, the plant should be kept dry.
Fertilizer In spring and summer, once every 3 weeks, liquid fertilizer in half the concentration.
Reproduction Propagate by apical cuttings length of 13-15 cm. Cuttings are treated with hormonal powder and planted in a mixture of peat and moss. Root at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F, covering the container with glass or polyethylene. Can be propagated by a piece of the stem, which must contain at least one kidney. Young plants pinch over the 6th leaf.
Bloom Cob with a veil 5-6 cm in length, the house almost does not bloom, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every year in April, sometimes 2 times a year, if they grow very fast. Adult plants are transplanted every 2-3 years, when the roots completely fill the pot.
Features of care Syngonium not like drafts. Usually requires support, the moss-covered pole is best suited, although the stems may hang from the pot. The plant can be cut in spring if it is too stretched, leaving a length of 15-23 cm. The leaves of the plant change shape with age.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mites, scutellums and aphids. The leaves turn yellow, but they do not fade when the plant is undernourished. On the leaves appear brown spots, and on the tips and edges appear brown spots in too dry air. The stems can decay with excessive watering. The leaves may fade from excess sunlight or with nutrient deficiency. The stems are stretched when there is a lack of light. Drops on the tips of the leaves indicate a high humidity in the room.
Air cleaning Clears air from formaldehyde and xylene.
Toxicity You should be careful when handling the plant, as with all Araceae.


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