Solanum

Solanum

Life form Bush
Family Solanaceae
Origin Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Ecuador
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow with little difficulty
The size It can reach a size of 45-70 cm in height in the pot, however, more popular dwarf forms are not higher than 30 cm.
Growth rate Grow in one season from seeds to 35-40 cm.
Lifespan A perennial plant, however, as the plant is lignified, the number of flowers and fruits on it decreases.
Temperature In the summer: preferably up to 64,4 ° F, in winter + 55,4-60,8 ° F. The plant as a whole does not tolerate high temperature.
Humidity The plant should be sprayed daily with soft water at room temperature, especially in winter at temperatures above 60,8 ° F.
Lighting The plant needs a lot of bright light and direct sunlight. A southern window with a shade approaches. However, the temperature is desirable low.
The soil On one part of turf, leaf land, humus, peat, coarse sand or perlite. You can use a substrate based on peat. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Frequent, during the flowering period, watered with soft water in the summer, the soil should not dry out, otherwise the plant can lose flowers and fruits, and in the bright sun the watering should be even more frequent. In winter, when the plant is at rest, water every 8-10 days, but the soil should not dry out.
Fertilizer From May to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction You can propagate seeds in the early spring at a temperature of 60,8-71,6 ° F, sowing them in mini-greenhouses in a mixture of peat and sand. After sowing, seeds should only be lightly covered with soil. The container should be covered with glass and put in a dark place. Seeds usually germinate very easily. When they germinate, a mini-greenhouse can be transferred to light. A month after the emergence of shoots (when there are at least 2 leaves), plants can be dived and transplanted. The plant also propagates with stem cuttings in spring, which take root in a mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 71,6-75,2 ° F.
Bloom Blooms in the summer with white star-shaped flowers up to 1 cm in size. Appreciated for the beauty of the fruits, which are red, yellow, white and hold for several months.
Transfer As the seedlings develop, transplant 2 times. In the future, transplant the plant every year in the spring, trimming the shoots to half.
Features of care In summer it is desirable to take the plant out into the open air. Along with pruning in the spring, it is possible to spend a pinch of shoots in September.
Difficulties It is affected by aphids, spider mites, scutes, whiteflies. Fruits and leaves can dry and fall off from hot dry air (at temperatures above 69,8 ° F). Fruits shrivel, and the leaves also fall from the lack of moisture in the soil. Leaves may turn yellow due to excessive watering or lack of light. Sometimes after flowering is not by fruit, if not self-pollination occurred. The plant is stretched, the growth of the weak is due to lack of light. Leaves become discolored with insufficient top dressing. The leaves pale, and the lower ones turn yellow with brown spots with a lack of magnesium in the soil. Yellow concentric rings on the leaves indicate a viral disease.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Poisonous as all Solanaceae, berries are also poisonous, they can not be eaten.


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