Primula

Primula

Life form Herbaceous plant
Family Primulaceae
Origin China
Ease of cultivation Easy enough for growing a plant
The size Usually from 25 to 30 cm in height
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial. Primula Chinese is grown for 1-2 years. in the future the plant loses decorativeness.
Temperature Year-round 53,6-75,2 ° F, best of all – 50-60,8 ° F, cool content will prolong flowering, in summer it is better to take the plant on a balcony or garden, in winter the minimum temperature is 41 ° F.
Humidity Primula can not be sprayed, t. hairs on leaves retain moisture and rot (or mold develops). At temperatures above 52 ° F it is better to put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water.
Lighting A bright place, a penumbra, however in winter it is desirable at least a little direct sun. Suitable for west and east windows.
The soil Suitable ground with acidity pH 5.5-6.5. For the soil of your own preparation, you can take equal parts of peat, leaf land and humus, a little sand. Can be grown in peat. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering abundant regular watering about 2-3 times a week, the soil should not dry up, but the water should not stagnate. Never get water to fall on the leaves. After flowering, watering the primrose should be moderate, not more often 1-2 times a week.
Fertilizer During the flowering period every two weeks, liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Propagated freshly harvested seeds, which are planted in a mixture of peat and sand and lightly sprinkled with soil (the seeds should be at a depth of 0.5-1 cm). Germinate at a temperature of 64,4-68 ° F. After the appearance of seedlings are transferred to light. Seeds germinate long enough (about 4 weeks). When the seedlings grow up (in 6-7 weeks), they are transplanted, after another 4-6 weeks they are seated in separate pots.You can multiply by dividing the bush during transplantation. Also, the primrose is propagated with the help of lateral offspring, which are obtained by placing the plants after flowering under the film or under the glass. Can be propagated by stem and leaf cuttings. Separate the leaf with the kidney and the base of the shoot, and place it in a separate pot, kept in shading, at a temperature of 60,8-68 ° F and moderate moistening.
Bloom Blooms from early spring to December. Chinese primrose can bloom all winter long. White, red, pink flowers on long legs.
Transfer Transplanted in spring in a larger pot.
Features of care After flowering, the primrose can be planted in the open ground. The plant has a period of rest after flowering.When you purchase primroses desirable to select only beginning blooming plants with lots of buds.Flowers should be removed as they wilt. So do the wilted and yellowed leaves. Clean the leaves of the plant with a soft brush.
Difficulties It is affected by gray and brown rot with excessive watering. It is also affected by a spider mites, aphids, scabies, thrips, viral diseases. Root systems are often affected by weevils of the weevil. Soft yellowish leaves indicate excessive watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity The leaves of the primrose contain an alkaloid and can cause slight irritation of the hands. Allergies can touch the leaves of primulas only in gloves.


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