Piper

Piper

Life form Shrubs, grassy, ​​creepers
Family Piperaceae
Origin O. Sulawesi. Peru, Malaysia, Southeast Asia, India, Burma
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant with little difficulty.
The size Can reach a length of 20 cm in the pot.
Growth rate Young plants grow 10-13 cm annually.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature The plant is thermophilic. In summer: preferably up to 75,2 ° F. In winter, the minimum temperature is + 60,8 ° F. Most species do not like sudden temperature fluctuations.
Humidity The plant should be sprayed daily, put in a wet pebble.
Lighting Most species prefer bright scattered light (west or east window), however, pepper should be shaded from direct sunlight.
The soil Fertile, well drained fertile soil with neutral reaction is suitable. 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of sod land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Pour moderately soft water at room temperature, the soil between watering should slightly dry out. However, the substrate must not dry out in great depth, it can lead to topple and leaf fall.
Fertilizer From May to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction The plant easily multiplies by dividing the bush during transplantation. Most often propagated stem cuttings (with 1-2 buds) in the spring, which perpetuate at + 75,2-78,8 ° F after treatment kornevinom in a mixture of peat and sand. The container is covered with glass or polyethylene. For better rooting, the cuttings must be placed on the battery.Cuttings take root in about 3 weeks.You can propagate seeds in early spring at a temperature of 75,2-82,4 ° F, sowing them in mini-greenhouses in a mixture of peat and sand or a mixture of 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of turf and 1 part of sand. After sowing the seeds should not be covered with soil. The container is covered with glass and put in a dark place. When the first real leaf develops, the plants can be dived and transplanted.Pepper multiplies also by layers. In this case, long shoots of the plant are bent to the soil. At high humidity, they easily take root, after which shoots are cut and planted in 2-3 pieces. in the pot.
Bloom Bloom in summer, form long spicate inflorescences.
Transfer They are transplanted once in 2-3 years in the spring.
Features of care It is better to plant several plants in a pot at the same time. For the growth of pepper requires support. The plant likes to grow in the humid atmosphere of the kitchen. Plants do not like cold air. Pruning plants should be done only to remove damaged and diseased leaves. Small-leaved species are successfully used for “bottle gardens”.
Difficulties Affected spider mites, thrips, scale insects. The shoots of the plant are stretched, and the leaves grow smaller with a lack of light or nutrients in the soil. The plant can dramatically dump leaves when there is a lack of heat, from low air humidity, from drafts or from temperature changes. The brown tips of the leaves are formed as a result of low air humidity or insufficient watering. The leaves become flaccid and yellow, especially in winter, due to excessive watering. In summer, the leaves become flaccid and pale with excessive light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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