Parthenocissus

Parthenocissus

Life form Herbaceous, ampel, liana
Family Vitaceae
Origin Central China
Ease of cultivation Easy, with little difficulty
The size It grows to a length of 15 m
Growth rate In a year it grows to 60-100 cm
Lifespan A perennial deciduous plant, requires periodic rejuvenation.
Temperature In summer: the upper limit is 64,4-69,8 ° F, in winter cool (+ 53,6-60,8 ° F) is required.
Humidity The plant is relatively tolerant to the level of humidity.
Lighting Bright diffused light, east, west window. It can also grow in the penumbra, but in conditions of sufficient illumination it grows better.
The soil Suitable ground (pH 4,5-8,5). Parthenocissus not picky about the composition of the soil, but prefers a fertile substrate. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part humus earth, 1 part sod land, 1/2 part coarse sand or perlite. Requires a pot with a hole.
Watering Moderate. In summer – 2 times a week, the land should not dry out, it is rare to water it in the winter, but do not bring the earth to a total dryness.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn regularly feed once every 2-3 weeks with a complex soluble fertilizer.
Reproduction It multiplies easily by apical cuttings with 1-2 buds and two leaves (8-10 cm long) in January-February or in summer. Cuttings can be rooted both in water and in a mixture of peat with sand. Covering the stalk with polyethylene and maintaining the temperature + 68-71,6 ° F, you can accelerate the rooting.Can also be propagated by seeds that are sown in November. Parthenocissus also spreads through root suckers.
Bloom Flowers are small, greenish, in the corymbose inflorescences.
Transfer The plant is not very fond of transplanting, however, in the first 2 years, young plants should be transplanted every spring because of rapid growth. When the diameter of the pot exceeds 30 cm, it will be sufficient to change the upper 3 cm of the soil.
Features of care  Parthenocissus shoots require support. In summer, you can take out on the street or on the balcony.For the winter the plant sheds leaves. It is desirable to cut off shoots in the spring. Most often, the plant is grown along the outer walls (for vertical gardening).
Difficulties Affected mostly scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites. When there are too many pests, it is necessary to cut off all the shoots, leaving about 20 cm. On the leaves there are fungi from excess moisture and stagnant air. On the leaves appear light spots due to sunburn. Too slow growth and pale leaves may indicate a lack of nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity The juice of these plants contains oxalate crystals, which, when chewing, can lead to pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, they can cause breathing problems and swelling of the throat.


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