Oplismenus

Oplismenus

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Graminaea
Origin South of the USA, Mexico, Argentina
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant.
The size In a pot up to 90 cm
Growth rate High.
Lifespan A perennial plant, however it quickly extends and loses decorativeness.
Temperature In the summer: 68-89,6 ° F; in winter – not lower than 59-64,4 ° F.
Humidity Well tolerates dry air, in summer it is desirable to spray 2 times a week.
Lighting Bright diffused light. The penumbra is transferred. Summer requires shading from too hot sunlight. In winter, bright illumination is required, illumination is desirable.
The soil A fertile but well drained substrate is required (pH 5-6). For a mixture of own preparation, take: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat and humus (leaf land), sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist in summer. When the soil dries up, the plant can quickly discard leaves.
Fertilizer During the vegetation period from April to September 1-2 times a month, liquid fertilizer. Fertilizer must be applied very moderately for variegated forms, so that they do not lose color.
Reproduction They reproduce well when separating long sprouting shoots with roots that can be planted from the mother plants. It can be propagated by cuttings with a length of not less than 5 cm in the spring. Cuttings are cut under the knot. They are inserted half the length into a mixture of substrate from peat, sphagnum, sand. Root cuttings in a shaded place, covered with glass or polyethylene, sometimes air. When the cuttings browse the roots (approximately a week), the polyethylene is gradually removed. Plant cuttings in a permanent dish, a few cuttings in one pot. Probably multiplication by seeds, which are pre-soaked.
Bloom Small green with a reddish shade of flowers, collected in paniculate inflorescences. They need to be removed in a timely manner as soon as they appear. they do not represent decorative value.
Transfer Plants are transplanted every 2 years in the spring.
Features of care Over time, the shoots of the oplisense are stretched, and the lower leaves fall off, so it is necessary to periodically cut off the shoots or replace the plant over time. It is also necessary to permanently remove dried leaves. The plant is suitable for hanging baskets. Avoid drafts. In summer, you can take the plant on a balcony or garden.
Difficulties It is rarely affected by aphids, spider mites. On the leaves brown spots are formed with insufficient watering. The tips of the leaves turn brown in dry air or with occasional watering. When the soil dries up, the plant can quickly discard leaves. The leaves become soft, darken and curl at low temperature. Too slow growth with a shortage of food. Soft dark spots on the leaves occur when the fungus is affected.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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