Nepenthes

Nepenthes

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Nepenthaceae
Origin Tropical Asia, the Seychelles, the Philippine Islands, Madagascar
Ease of cultivation Plant for an experienced florist
The size In the pot, the plant reaches 30-60 cm, in nature it grows up to 20 m.
Growth rate A young plant becomes an adult for 1 growing season.
Lifespan In the house from several months to 3-5 years with proper care.
Temperature Most types of non-penta are thermophilic and withstand a temperature of at least + 60,8-75,2 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 70-90%. It is required to spray regularly with soft water, which was kept in the light in the room where the plant grows.
Lighting A bright diffused light, it is necessary to shade from the bright sun. In winter, the plant is placed next to the window, but it should not be exposed to sunlight.
The soil Never use store soil, acidity is recommended pH 4,8-5,5. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 4 parts of peat or sphagnum, 3 parts of coconut fiber, 3 parts of bark of spruce. Another recipe: 3 parts of peat, 3 parts of coconut fiber, 3 parts of sphagnum, 3 parts of perlite, 1 part of bark. The coconut fiber should be cut before use and rinsed with distilled water. The bark is used as the substrate for orchids. All components of the substrate must be rinsed with distilled water or sterilized in a microwave oven. You can not grow the plant in pure peat, or moss, use coal.
Watering In summer, water every 2 days, you need to drain the water from the pan. Demineralized water of room temperature should be used. In winter, water 1-2 times a week, especially if the temperature drops below +60,8 ° F.
Fertilizer It is better not to feed Nepentes under the root. You can use foliar dressing on the leaf (spraying the plant with a fine spray) fertilizer for orchids, diluted 3-5 times. It is desirable to use fertilizers with chelates of iron, copper and boron. In this form, trace elements are better absorbed by the plant.
Reproduction Most often propagated cuttings in winter and spring, which are cut slightly below the leaf, the cut is overlaid with wet sphagnum, fixed with wire and placed in a pot, shading from bright light. In the future, the stalk is regularly sprayed and maintained at a temperature of 77-86 ° F.The root usually takes 1-1.5 months. In the future, the rooted shank is transplanted into a permanent pot. In the second year, it is necessary to cut the plant over 5-6 leaves to stimulate the development of jugs. Nepentes is occasionally propagated by seeds. Seeds must necessarily be fresh, they are sown in a mixture of sphagnum and sand. Usually the seeds germinate within 1.5-2 months. Seedlings are sown in a mixture of sphagnum, leaf earth and sand, kept at a temperature of 71,6-77 ° F, regularly spraying. Non-Lentian animals are multiplied by air layers.
Bloom Inflorescence of small flowers without petals with sepals.
Transfer They are transplanted every spring. One should be careful of the plant root system, the lateral ones leave the main root, which are very fragile. Therefore, it is better not to destroy the earthen lump, to transplant the plant into a larger pot. If the plant is purchased in a store, then it should be transplanted only if the roots are visible from the drainage hole. It is advisable to use deep clay pots. Before transplanting the pot should be held in water so that it absorbs moisture.
Features of care The plant is insectivorous. At the tips of the leaves, a mustache appears, on which jugs (5-35 cm) develop, slightly flattened at the base and narrowed at the apex.On top of the neck, a pitcher is surrounded by a shiny collar that attracts insects and along which they slide inside the jug. The pointed growths on the collar do not allow insects to escape. Inside the jug there are also sharp hairs that hold the insect inside, at the very bottom there is digestive juice. At the base of the plant, the jugs have a shape that is closer to the cylinder. An adult large plant can be fed periodically (once every 2-3 weeks) by insects. The most suitable is the live bloodworm, which places one third of the jugs on one worm. The plant can not be overfed, the plant can do without insects.In a jug of non-pence there should always be water (somewhere half the volume of a jug), but it should be poured only if it accidentally poured out. Under normal conditions, the plant itself produces enough moisture for the pitcher. When transplanting is necessary to carry out a very strong pruning, as a result of which there are new shoots that pinch over the 7th eye. After 1.5 months, young shoots appear, which are removed, because they do not form jugs.
Difficulties Aphids, mealy worm. Especially plants often affected when the content in the dry air and in the nitrogen-rich substrate. Chlorosis of leaves develops when grown in pure peat.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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