Nandina

Nandina

Life form Bush
Family Berberidaceae
Origin Japan, China
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size It can reach a height of 1.5-2 m, if the plant is not trimmed in time. Currently, there are also dwarf varieties on sale.
Growth rate Nandin is growing fast enough.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: room temperature, in high heat conditions, high humidity is required, in winter it is desirable to have a cool content at a temperature of 33,8-46,4 ° F.
Humidity It is desirable to have high humidity, in summer it is required to spray soft water at room temperature, in winter it is sprayed at high temperatures.
Lighting A bright diffused light is required. On the southern window should be shaded from the midday rays. The east window is best suited. The bright red color of foliage can be obtained only in bright light. Also, in a bright environment, the plant is less sick.
The soil Requires rich humus air permeable soil with the addition of peat and sand (pH 3,7-6,4).   For a soil of own preparation to take:   1 part of humus, 1.2 parts of coarse sand orperlite, 1 part peat or humus, 1 part of leaf.
Watering Moderate. However, if the plant grows in hot conditions, it is necessary to water every 3-6 days in the summer. However, when grown in the shade, watering should be more rare, the top layer of the soil should dry out, the plant is sufficiently drought-resistant. In winter, watered occasionally, not allowing complete drying of the earthy coma.
Fertilizer During growth, fertilizer is applied every month. It is very good to apply organic fertilizers approximately once a month, alternating them with mineral fertilizers.
Reproduction Upper cuttings at a soil temperature of 59-68 ° F. Cuttings (6-8 cm long) are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. The lower pair of leaves are removed, and the cut is processed with a rootstock. For rooting, cover the stalk with a film. Rooting lasts usually 1.5-3 months.You can propagate seeds that are planted in separate pots to a depth of 1.5 cm, germinate at a temperature of not less than 69,8 ° F. Seedlings grow unevenly, after the shoot the pots are transferred to a bright place. A month later, a complex fertilizer is introduced, and after the seedlings grow up, they are transplanted into larger pots.
Bloom Inflorescence – a panicle (20-40 cm long) made of small white or light pink flowers, in their place by the end of summer red berries are formed. Blossoms in late spring, some varieties in the conditions of the apartment do not bloom.
Transfer Until the age of three, they are transplanted annually in spring into a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one, without burrowing the root collar. The old plants are transplanted every 2-3 years.
Features of care Requires regular pruning, remove up to 1/3 of sprouting shoots. In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street.
Difficulties Struck by a scabbard, a spider mite. The lower leaves turn yellow and fall off as a result of the process of natural aging. Leaves can dry out at the edge and in the center as a result of a sunburn. With a lack of magnesium and iron in alkaline soils, yellowing of the leaves is possible. Leaves are light green with a lack of light or nutrients. New shoots thin with a lack of light or nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity All parts of the plant are poisonous.


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