Lapageria

Lapageria

Life form Herbaceous, liana, curling
Family Phyllous – Philesiaceae
Origin Chile
Ease of cultivation For an experienced florist
The size Liana reaches 3 m or more in length
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer – 64,4-68 ° F, in winter it is desirable to keep at a temperature of + 42,8-46,4 ° F.
Humidity Requires a humidity of at least 50%. It is desirable to spray at least once a week.
Lighting Bright diffused light, penumbra, the western and eastern window fits, the the plant does not like direct sunlight.
The soil A very fertile, loose soil is suitable (pH 5.5). You can take 1 part of the garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering In summer, keep the soil evenly moist, water abundantly once in 4 days. In autumn, watering should be cut.
Fertilizer Feed every 2-3 weeks during the period of growth and flowering fertilizer with an increased content of potassium and fosor, a smaller content of nitrogen. Top dressing is stopped after flowering and transition to a rest period.
Reproduction The plant is propagated in the summer by cuttings and layers. It takes root. It is best to use a young semi-mature stalk with 6 leaves, with every second sheet cut off halfway. The stalk is placed in a mixture of moist sand and peat, but it is buried no more than 2.5 cm. Place under the parcel into the penumbra and regularly moisturize.For the rooting of the layer, the shoot is bent to the soil, spirally laid and fixed with wire or hairpins. Top filled with soil, but preferably perlite or sand. After 4-6 months (sometimes longer) in the sinuses of the leaves are formed roots. The brood is separated from the mother plant 4-8 months after rooting.It can be propagated in spring with seeds that germinate at a temperature of not less than 64,4 ° F. Seeds should be fresh, before sowing it is best to wash them. Seeds can be stratified. To do this, soak the seeds for 3 days, several times changing the water. Then, for 1-3 months, store the seeds at 39,2 ° F. They should be planted in a mixture of peat and sand, put on diffused light. Cover with a film and water regularly. Seeds will germinate in about 25-30 days. The strong seedlings dive 2-3 cm. They are planted in a mixture of equal parts of leaf, peat and sand with the addition of a small amount of light turf ground. In the first year, the growth of lapageria will be very intense, in the future it will slow down somewhat. In the second year, plants are transplanted into a larger pot.
Bloom Blossoms mainly from August to December, flowers large, drooping, 5-7 cm, like a lily, red, pink, whitish, sometimes in white spots.
Transfer Every spring, prefers large pots due to a powerful root system. When transplanting should be careful and try not to damage the roots, as the plant is very sensitive to this.
Features of care The plant needs a support, which will be braided as it grows. As flowers wilt, they should be removed in a timely manner. Spring shoots can be cut.
Difficulties Perhaps the appearance of spider mites, aphids and mealybugs.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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