Lachenalia

Lachenalia

Life form Grassy, ​​bulbous
Family Liliaceae
Origin South Africa (Cape)
Ease of cultivation For an experienced florist.
The size The leaves are 15-20 cm in length, the flower stem is about 20 cm. The total height is up to 30 cm.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature During the flowering period, the optimum temperature is + 46,4-60,8 ° F.
Humidity It is desirable to spray at least once a week.
Lighting Bright diffused light, partial shade, the western and eastern window fits.
The soil A very fertile, loose soil (pH 5.5-7.5) is suitable. You can take 1 part of the sod land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of the leaf land. Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering During the period of watering, the watering is moderate, about 1-2 times in 1-2 weeks with 1-2 glasses of water (during the heat, watering can be increased), during the rest period the bulbs should be kept practically dry.
Fertilizer Feed every 2 weeks during the period of growth and flowering fertilizer with an increased content of potassium, a smaller content of nitrogen. Stop fertilizing after flowering.
Reproduction Propagated by bulb-babies, planting them in early September separately from the mother plant. Bulbs for 3-4 pcs. planted in 10-12 cm pots. In the first weeks watering is limited, then it is increased. Young bulbs can bloom in the first year. The plant is also spread by leaf cuttings, which are separated at the base slightly below ground level and then cut in half or notched at the bottom. Then put the cuttings in moist sand to a depth of about 2 cm and moderately watered, contained in partial shade. About a month later small bulbs begin to form. It can be propagated by seeds from March to May, seeds are germinated at a temperature of not less than 64,4 ° F. Seeds should be fresh, they should be planted at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other in a mixture of peat and sand, put on scattered light. Cover with a film and water regularly. A plant grown from seeds usually blooms in the second year.
Bloom It flowers mainly in January-March, the flowers have a size of 2-2.5 cm, tubular, red, yellow-purple, combined in small brush.
Transfer Transplanted annually in the early autumn, planting young bulb-babies.
Features of care After flowering, a few months it turns into a resting state. When the leaves begin to submerge, they cut the watering, the bulbs are stored in a dry, lighted place. In August-September, after the transplantation of the bulbs, they begin to water again. The flowers will appear in 7-8 weeks.
Difficulties Perhaps the appearance of spider mites, aphids, mealybugs. If the soil is too wet, the bulbs can rot. At high temperature in low-light conditions, stretched plants are formed.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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