Hippeastrum

Hippeastrum

Life form Grassy onion
Family Amarillidaceae
Origin Tropical America
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Leaves are 30-50 cm in length, the flower stem can be higher.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan 3-4 years in one pot, with proper care bulb can exist for many years.
Temperature In summer: up to 73,4, in winter not lower than 55,4 ° F.
Humidity Average
Lighting The plant should be in an illuminated place, bright light. Suitable west, east, south window to shading. On the northern window there will be no blossom.
The soil Fertile, loose soil is suitable. You can take   2 parts garden soil (earth greenhouse can use, peat moss), 2 parts of humus (leaf earth), 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. You can use the spruce bark. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering During flowering and growth, the soil should be moderately moist, watered every 3-6 days. By the autumn watering cut. The soil in which the bulb is dormant, watering occasionally. Watering is increased when a flower arrow 10-12 cm high appears.
Fertilizer Fed with liquid fertilizer every 3-4 weeks with the appearance of flower arrows. Top dressing is stopped in autumn with yellowing of the leaves.
Reproduction Branch of bulb-children, which are planted in small pots. The size of the pot is increased as the bulb grows. Plants bloom for 3-4 years. Can be propagated by seeds (for example, after artificial pollination). Seeds are planted in a mixture of peat and sand. Seedlings appear after 2-3 weeks. After 3-4 years, large plants are formed.
Bloom Bright flowers appear in January-April. Some large bulbs can give a second arrow for the season. Flowering lasts 2-3 weeks. The condition of flowering is the formation of at least four leaves in the previous season.
Transfer A large bulb is transplanted every 2-3 years. Transplant into a pot larger spend after flowering and cut flower strelik or autumn, when the plant is turned into a period of dormancy. Bulb 1/2 must be above the surface of the soil.
Features of care To form a flower bud, the plant needs a rest period. In autumn, watering is reduced, after yellowing of the leaves, the plant is stopped to water and placed for 2-3 months in a dry, warm, unintended place.
Difficulties Possibly affected by thrips, green aphids, mealy bugs, spider mites and cyclamen. These pests can be fought with insecticides. The plant might be affected by viral diseases – mosaic (yellow spots on the leaves), downy mildew (silver spots on the leaves), rust (red-brown spots). The plant can be affected by a daffodil fly (the bulb rotes), a red burn (red longitudinal spots on the leaves). To combat downy mildew fungicide to treat the plant, in all other cases, destroyed.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Care should be taken when working with bulbs. they are poisonous. Moderate ingestion of these plants can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms that are not life threatening.


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